The Good One And Son of The Good One.

Abdullah Ibn Umar RA (Son of Umar Bin Al Khattab R.A)

Abdullah Ibn Umar (R.A.) At Shaykhan, halfway between Madinah and Uhud, the thousand strong Muslim army led by Rasulullah SAW stopped. The sun had begun to sink beneath the horizon. Rasulullah SAW dismounted from his horse Sakb. He was fully dressed for battle. A turban was wound about his helmet. He wore a breastplate beneath which was a coat of mail which was fastened with a leather sword belt. A shield was slung across his back and his sword hung from his side. As the sun set, Bilal RA called the adhan and they prayed. Rasulullah SAW then reviewed his troops once more and it was then that he noticed in their midst the presence of eight boys who despite their age were hoping to take part in the battle. Among them were Zayd's son Usamah and Umar's son Abdullah, both only thirteen years old. Rasulullah SAW ordered them all to return home immediately. Two of the boys however demonstrated that they were able fighters and were allowed to accompany the army to the Battle of Uhud while the others were sent back to their families.

From an early age, Abdullah ibn Umar RA thus demonstrated his keenness to be associated with Rasulullah SAW in all his undertakings. He had accepted Islam before he was ten years old and had made the Hijrah with his father and his sister, Hafsah, who was later to become a wife of Rasulullah SAW. Before the Battle of Uhud he was also turned away from the Battle of Badr and it was not until the Battle of the Ditch that he and Usamah, both now fifteen years old and others of their age were allowed to join the ranks of the men not only for the digging of the trench but for the battle when it came. From the time of his hijrah till the time of his death more than seventy years later, Abdullah ibn Umar RA distinguished himself in the service of Islam and was regarded among Muslims as "the Good One, son of the Good One", according to Abu Musa al-Ashari.

He was known for his knowledge, his humility, his generosity, his piety, his truthfulness, his incorruptibility and his constancy in acts of ibadah. From his great and illustrious father, Saidina Umar RA, he learnt a great deal and both he and his father had the benefit of learning from the greatest teacher of all, Rasulullah SAW. Abdullah ibn Umar RA would observe and scrutinize closely every saying and action of Rasulullah SAW in various situations and he would practice what he observed closely and with devotion. For example, if Abdullah RA saw, Rasulullah SAW performing Salat in a particular place, he would later pray in the same place. If he saw Rasulullah SAW making a supplication while standing, he would also make a dua while standing. If he saw him making a dua while sitting, he would do the same. On a journey if he saw Rasulullah SAW descend from his camel at a particular place and pray two rakaats, and he had occasion to pass on the same route, he would stop at the same place and pray two rakaats.

In a particular place in Makkah, he once observed Rasulullah's camel making two complete turns before he dismounted and prayed two rakaats. It might be that the camel did that involuntarily but Abdullah ibn Umar RA when he happened to be in the same place at another time, made his camel complete two turns before making it kneel and dismounting. He then prayed two rakaats in precisely the same manner as he had seen Rasulullah SAW do. Aishah RA noticed this devotion of Abdullah ibn Umar RA to Rasulullah SAW and remarked;

"There was no one who followed the footsteps of Rasulullah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the places where he alighted as did Ibn Umar."

In spite of his close observance of Rasulullah's SAW actions, Abdullah RA was extremely cautious, even afraid, of reporting the sayings of Rasulullah SAW.. He would only relate a hadith if he was completely sure that he remembered every word of it. One of his contemporaries said: "Among the companions of Rasulullah SAW , no one was more cautious about adding to or subtracting from Rasulullah SAW than Abdullah ibn Umar." Similarly he was extremely cautious and reluctant to make legal judgments (fatwas).' Once someone came to him asking for a judgment on a particular matter and Abdullah ibn Umar replied: "I have no knowledge of what you ask." The man went on his way and Abdullah clapped his hands in glee and said to himself: "The son of Umar was asked about what he does not know and he said: I do not know."

Because of this attitude he was reluctant to be a qadhi even though he was well qualified to be one. The position of qadhi was one of the most important and esteemed offices in the Muslim society and state bringing with it honor, glory and even riches but he declined this position when it was offered him by the Khalifah Uthman RA. His reason for so doing was not that he underestimated the importance of the position of qadhi but because of his fear of committing errors of judgment in matters pertaining to Islam. Saidina Uthman RA made him agree not to disclose his decision lest it might influence the many other companions of Rasulullah SAW who actually performed the duties of judges and juris consults. Abdullah ibn Umar RA was once described as the "brother of the night." He would stay up at night performing Salat, weeping and seeking God's forgiveness and reading Quran. To his sister, Hafsah, Rasulullah SAW once said: "What a blessed man is Abdullah. Should he perform Salat at night he would be blessed even more." From that day, Abdullah did not abandon Qaiyam al Layl whether at home or on journeys. In the stillness of the nights, he would remember Allah much, perform Salat and read the Quran and weep. Like his father, tears came readily to his eyes especially when he heard the warning verses of the Quran.

Ubayd ibn Umayr RA has related that one day he read these verses to Abdullah ibn Umar RA:
"How then (will the sinners fare on Judgment Day) when We shall bring forward witnesses from within every community and bring you (O! Rasulullah) as witness against them? Those who were bent on denying the truth and paid no heed to Rasulullah will on that Day wish that the earth would swallow them but they shall not (be able to) conceal from God anything that has happened." (Surah an-Nisa, 4:41-42).

Abdullah Ibn Umar RA cried on listening to these verses until his beard was moist with tears. One day, he was sitting among some close friends and he read:

"Woe unto those who give short measure, those who, when they are to receive their due from people, demand that it be given in full but when they have to measure or weigh whatever they owe to others, give less than what is due. Do they not know that they are bound to be raised from the dead (and called to account) on an awesome Day, the Day when all men shall stan d before the Sustainer of all the worlds?" (The Quran, Surah al Mutaffifin, 83: 1-6).

At this point he kept on repeating "the Day when all men shall stand before the Sustainer of all the worlds" over and over again and weeping until he was faint. Piety, simplicity and generosity combined in Abdullah Ibn Umar RA to make him a person who was highly esteemed by the companions and those who came after them.

He gave generously and did not mind parting with wealth even if he himself would fall in want as a result. He was a successful and trustworthy trader throughout his life. In addition to this he had a generous stipend from the Bayt al-Mal which he would often spend on the poor and those in need. Ayyub ibn Wail ar-Rasi RA recounted one incident of his generosity:

One day Ibn Umar RA received four thousand dirhams and a velvet blanket. The following day Ayyub RA saw him in the “suq” buying fodder for his camel on credit. Ayyub RA then went to Abdullah's family and asked: "Didn't Abu Abdur-Rahman (meaning Abdullah ibn Umar) get four thousand dirhams and a blanket yesterday?" "Yes, indeed," they replied. "But I saw him today in the suq buying fodder for his camel and he had no money to pay for it." "Before nightfall yesterday. he had parted with it all.

Then he took the blanket and threw it over his shoulder and went out. When he returned it was not with him. We asked him about it and he said that he had given it to a poor person," they explained. Abdullah ibn Umar RA encouraged the feeding and the helping of the poor and the needy. Often when he ate, there were orphans and poor people eating with him. He rebuked his children for treating the rich and ignoring the poor. He once said to them: "You invite the rich and forsake the poor." For Abdullah RA, wealth was a servant not a master. It was a means towards attaining the necessities of life, not for acquiring luxuries. He was helped in this attitude by his asceticism and simple life-style.

One of his friends who came from Khurasan once brought him a fine elegant piece of clothing: "I have brought this thawb for you from Khurasan," he said. "It would certainly bring coolness to your eyes. I suggest that you take off these coarse clothes you have and put on this beautiful thawb." "Show it to me then," said Abdullah and on touching it he asked: "Is it silk?" "No, it is cotton," replied his friend. For a little while, Abdullah Ibn Umar RA was pleased. Then with his right hand he pushed away the thawb and said: "No! I am afraid for myself. I fear that it shall make arrogant and boastful. And Allah SWT does not love the arrogant boaster."

Maymun ibn Mahran RA relates the following: "I entered the house of Ibn Umar. I estimated everything in his house including his bed, his blanket, his carpet and everything else in it. What I found was not a hundred dirhams' worth." That was not because Abdullah ibn Umar RA was poor. Indeed he was rich. Neither was it because he was a miser for indeed he was generous and liberal.
Abdullah ibn Umar RA ( another version and stories).

Abdullah ibn Umar RA was a great and venerable companion, one of the most knowledgeable and virtuous oh people and one of the best of the beat of the companions in following the example of Rasulullah SAW. He did not change or substitute anything after Rasulullah SAW demised, in fact, he said: I took the oath of allegiance to Rasulullah SAW and I did not violate it nor did I alter anything to this day. And in spite of the fact that he was descended from one of the noblest of families, what raised him to this exalted level was not his lineage, what raised him were his deeds, his diligence, his striving and his sincerity in calling to Allah SWT.
He is Abdullah bin Umar bin Al-Khattab RA, his mother was Zainab bint Maz`un RA and his maternal uncle was the great and venerable companion, Uthman bin Maz`un. His father was the great and venerable companion and one of the rightly-guided Caliphs who was a shining example of fairness and a vigorous upholder of the truth, and he bears a high rank and outstanding virtues, as transmitted by the books of Sirah and the books written about him.
Rasulullah SAW said of him: if there were to be a Prophet after me, it would have been Umar bin Al-Khattab. And it is reported on the authority of Aishah RA that Rasulullah said:I see the devils among the jinn and mankind fleeing from Umar. His son, Abdullah was born in the third year following the start of Rasulullah’s mission.

His Acceptance of Islam

When Saidina Umar bin Al-Khattab RA pronounced the Shahadatan in the presence of Rasulullah, the companions raised their voices glorifying Allah SWT. But some of the companions advised him to keep his Islam a secret, he said:
By Allah, I will proclaim my Islam as I used to proclaim my disbelief, bin Umar RA said that when Umar bin Al-Khattab RA embraced Islam, he asked: which of the people of Makkah is the best at spreading news?”
They said: Jamil bin Ma`mar Al- Jamhi.
So Umar went out and followed him and I was a young boy who understood everything that was said the he came to him and said: Oh, Jamil! Do you know that l have embraced Islam? By Allah, he did not reply to these words, but stood up and raced off and Omar followed behind him and I went with him, until he stood at the door of the Haram and cried out:Oh, people of Quraish! Umar has apostatized ! He said: you have lied, but I have embraced Islam.
Abdullah ibn Umar RA was a good soul, which was still upon the natural state(Fitrah) in which Allah SWT created it and so it was ready to receive the new religion. He used to hear Rasulullah SAW, his truthfulness and his trustworthiness, and his soul was filled with wonder by the personality of Rasulullah, which no one mentioned except to say good things about it, so when his father embraced Islam , his young son felt that a heavy stone which had been blocked the way to his proclaiming his conversion to Islam had been remover and he embraced Islam while still at a young age and he become a good Muslim may Allah pleased with him and may He pleased him.
His Love for Rasulullah SAW and His Obedience to Him
Ibn 'Umar was one of the best of the Companions in following the example of the Messenger. And truly love causes one to follow the example of the beloved, for Allah, the Most High has said to Rasulullah : ''Say (0 Muhammad of to mankind): If you (really) love Allah, then follow me (i.e., accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Quran and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful .
lbn 'Umar did understood the true meaning of this his love for Rasulullah SAW a was converted into absolute obedience. He used to do as Rasulullah SAW did and carry out whatever he commanded him to do and abstain from whatever he forbade him from doing. Indeed, he used to follow the footsteps of Rasulullah SAW , go wherever he went, sit wherever he sat and preach wherever he preached. If he preached sitting in that place, he would also preach sitting in it and if he preached standing there, he would do likewise. If Rasulullah SAW a sat beneath a tree, then lbn 'Umar must also sit beneath the tree as Rasulullah SAW sat.
It is reported on the authority of Nafi' that Ibn 'Umar RA, used to follow the footsteps of Rasulullah SAW and pray in every place where he prayed, to the extent that the Prophet sat beneath a tree and lbn 'Umar used to care for that tree and pour water over its roots so that it would not become dry. He did not only sit beneath the tree underneath which Rasulullah SAW used to sit, rather, he used to care for it by watering it.
Nafi reported on the authority of Ibn 'Umar RA that Rasulullah SAW said: ''lf we left this door for the women'' Nafi' said: ''After that, Ibn 'Umar never entered by that door until the day he died.
The other Companions noticed Ibn 'Umar's imitation of Rasulullah SAW's actions, including 'Aishah RA, who said: ''No one followed in the footsteps of the Prophet in more closely than Ibn 'Umar RA did.
Due to the great pains he took in following the actions of Rasulullah SAW, he would go to a place which Rasulullah SAW had passed by and in which he had unintentionally pulled on his camel's halter, causing it to turn around once or twice and he would turn with his camel in the same place in which Rasulullah SAW's camel had turned, in hope that he would retrace its steps.

His Continued Adherence to the Pledge
Ibn 'Umar, continued to demonstrate his love for Rasulullah SAW after his death and whenever he was mentioned, his eyes would fill with tears; Asim bin Muhammad Al-Amri narrated from his father that he said: ''Whenever l heard lbn 'Umar mention Rasulullah SAW he would weep.
He was extremely careful not to misquote Rasulullah SAW , or to add or omit anything from his sayings.
He did not change after the death of Rasulullah SAW , so much so that one of his contemporaries said in his supplication: ''Oh, Allah! Keep 'Abdullah bin 'Umar alive for as long as l live, so that 1 can amulet: him, for l do not know of anyone else who adheres so closely to what Rasulullah of and his Companions used to follow.
And 'Aishah RA' said: ''I have not seen anyone who adhered more closely to the Sunnah of Rasulullah' and his Companions than lbn 'Umar.'' And he continued to discharge his obligation: and to imitate Rasulullah SAW until the day he parted from this temporary abode.
This is why Ibn Al-Musayyab RA said:
''On the day he died, Ibn 'Umar was the best of those who remained.''

He refused to accept the Post of Judge
The Caliph Saidina Uthman Affan RA ordered 'Abdullah bin 'Umar to take up the post of judge, saying: ''Judge between the people's But lbn 'Umar said: ''1 will not judge between two persons, nor will I lead two persons in prayer.
'Uthman said: ''Do you disobey men?
He said:
''No, but l have been informed that judges are of three types: a man who judges with ignorance and he will be in the Fire, a man who deals unjustly and according to his whim and he will be in the Fire and a man exercises juristic reasoning (Ijtihad) and he is just he has no reward and there is no burden upon him.”
Uthman replied: ''Your father used to judged “
He said: ''My father used to judge and when he was not sure about something, he would ask Rasulullah; and when he was not sure about it, he would ask Gabriel, but l find no one to ask. Did you not hear Rasulullah SAW say that whoever sought refuge with Allah has sought a fitting refuge? 'Uthman said: ''Yes.'' 'Abdullah bin 'Umar said: ''Then I seek refuge with Allah from you appointing me as a judged, so 'Uthman excused him, but he said: ''Do not inform anyone of this.'

He also refused to accept any Position of Authority
It is reported on the authority of 'Umar bin Nafi' from his father, from lbn 'Umar '' that he said: 'Ali sent for me and said: ''Oh, Abu 'Abdur-Rahman! You are a man who is obeyed by the people of Ash-sham, so go there, for l have appointed you as governor over theme. But l said: ''Let me remind you by Allah of my kinship to Rasulullah and my close companionship with him and therefore, would you excuse me? He refused to excuse me and so I brought Hafsah RA to plead on my behalf, but he refused. So I set out by night for Makkah. And he was heard to say while he was prostrating: ''You know, my Lord, that nothing prevents me from competing with Quraish for the life of this world except fear of You.'

His Ascetism
He was extremely ascetic regarding the life of this world; we have seen how he refused appointments as an administrator and a judge. And he was not happy with his wealth unless he gave it in charity. And it was said that he would sometimes go for a whole month without eating meat. It is reported on the authority of Jabir that he said:
"I have not seen, or I have not observed anyone who was not swayed by the life of this world or inclined towards it, except 'Abdullah bin 'Umar.''
On one occasion, the slave of 'Abdullah bin 'Umar arrived from lraq and he came to give salutations to him and he said: 'I have brought you a gift. Ibn 'Umar asked: ''And what is it? He replied: ''Jawarish.'' He asked: ''And what is Jawarish?'' He said: ''It helps the digestion of food'. Ibn 'Umar said: ''I have not filled my stomach with food for forty years, so what will I do with it?
One of those who loved him, whose name was bazaar said: I observed Ibn 'Umar wearing coarse garments and I said to him: ''Oh Abu 'Abdul Rahman! 1 have brought you a soft garment which was made in Khurasan, and it would please me to see you wearing it, for truly, the clothes you are wearing are rough He said: ''Show it to me, so that 1 may examine it's So he felt it then he asked: ''Is this Silk? I replied: ''No it is cotton He said: ''1 fear to wear it; I fear that 1 will become arrogant and proud and Allah loves not prideful boasters.' It was also said that the value of all of the furniture in his house did not equal a hundred Dirham. He had understood the life of this world and he had rejected it and he understood the life of the Hereafter and he strove to achieve it. He used to say: ''What have l to do with the life of this world? My relationship to it is no more than that of a man who seeks shade under a tree, then he leaves it and moves on.
He used to restrain His Tongue from speaking Evil. It is reported on the authority of Salim: ''Ibn Umar never reviled a slave except on one occasion and after that, he manumitted him. Indeed,so careful was lbn 'Umar in guarding his tongue that he would not reply even to one who reviled him. It is reported on the authority of Zaid bin Aslam that a man began to revile lbn 'Umar, but he remained silent. Then when he reached the door of his house, he turned to him and said: ''1 and my brother 'Asim we do not revile anyone.

His Kindness and Generosity

lbn 'Umar RA upon was kind and generous and would not refuse any petitioner and he would distribute charity as one who did not fear poverty, seeking thereby the reward which is with Allah SWT, as he preferred the life of the Hereafter over the life of this world. Nafi' said: ''Anything of lbn 'Umar's property which pleased him, he would give away. Once, when he was traveling on his camel, he began to admire it and made it kneel down. Then he said: ''Oh, Nafi'! Remove its saddle and tie it up. And he placed it among his camels. And Ayub bin W`il said: ''Abdullah ibn Umar RA came with ten thousand dirhams and he distributed them, then he sought feed for his camel worth one dirham on credit. 
Abdullah lbn 'Umar RA would not eat unless there were poor and needy persons sitting with him at his table who would eat with him. Nafi' said.. ''Before he died, Abdullah Ibn Umar RA had freed a thousand or more s1aves.''

His Piety

Abdullah lbn 'Umar RA used to worship Allah much and he was God-fearing; he would stand in prayer at night often and he would fast much and he performed Hajj many times and remembered Allah frequently. For this reason, Ibn Al-Musayyab said: ''If I were to testify that anyone was one of the people of Paradise, it would be Ibn 'Umar.'' And it was said to Nafi': ''What did lbn 'Umar used to do in his house? He replied: ''You cannot do it; he used to perform ablution for every prayer and read the Quran between the ablution and the prayer. 
Abdullah Ibn 'Umar RA did not use to fast when he was traveling and he used to fast frequently when at home. He used to sleep at night like a bird; he would sleep for a while, then he would get up and pray, then he would sleep, then get up and pray and he would do this four or five times during the night. 
Abdullah lbn 'Umar RA would go to the market even though he did not want to buy or sell anything and he would deliver salutations of peace to everyone he met. When he was asked about this, he said: ''We only go out in order to greet the people with salutations of peace.

His Fighting
From a young age, 'Abdullah bin 'Umar RA use was keenly interested to fight the enemies of Allah SWT, for he realized, in spite of his youth, he realized the high status accorded by Allah to those who strive in His Cause and those who are martyred. For this reason, he set out to fight while he was still not of adult age.
In the Battle of Badr, when the Muslims set out to fight the disbelievers, Abdullah Ibn 'Umar RA went with them, due to his keen desire to be a soldier in the army of Rasulullah. However, Rasulullah SAW sent him back due to his young age, and he was at that time, no older than ten years. And when came the time for the Battle of Uhud, he set out desiring again to fight, but he was again sent back by the Messenger of Allah due to his young age with others who had not yet reached puberty. 
Then when the time came for the Battle of the Trench, he volunteered to the Messenger of Allah and he was afraid that he would reject him as he done on previous occasions, for he was still a young boy at that time, being only fifteen years old. However, on this occasion the Messenger of Allah a permitted him to fight and 'Abdullah was delighted, because it was now his right to participate in the battle against the enemies of Allah and to defend the true religion. 
Abdullah ibn Umar RA loved to participate in the war in Allah's Cause and he did not cease to perform it after the death of Rasulullah SAW. He was one of the soldiers of Saidina Abu Bakr As-Siddiq RA in the wars against the apostates. Abdullah lbn 'Umar RA also took part in battles during the rule of the Caliph 'Umar bin Al-Khattab. And during the Caliphate of 'Uthman bin 'Affan he took part in the conquest of North Africa and witnessed the conquest of Nahawand under the command of Nu`man bin Muqarrin. Then during the rule of Mu'awiyah bin Abi Sufyan , he was with the army which was sent by Mu'awiyah , under the leadership of his son, Yazid, to join up with the army of Sufyan bin 'Awl, who went to fight against Constantinople.

His Knowledge and Understanding of Islamic Jurisprudence
Abdullah Ibn 'Umar RA was a scholar with a wide knowledge of Islamic Jurisprudence and he spent his life in acquiring knowledge and memorizing it. Malik said: ''lbn 'Umar lived for sixty years after the death of the Messenger of Allah delivering legal verdicts to the people during the Hajj season and at other times.'' And Malik also said: Abdullah lbn Umar RA was one of the Imams of the Muslims.''
The people used to feel at ease with his legal verdicts, because he was so strict in following what Rasulullah SAW had said and when delivering verdicts, he would always refer to the Book of Allah, the Most Glorified, the Most High and if he did not find what he wanted, he would refer to Sunnah of Rasulullah SAW and if he did not find what he sought there, he would refer to the juristic reasoning of the Companions, and he would follow them if they were unanimous in their view. However, if they differed, he would choose from among their opinions what seemed right to him. 
An example of a matter in which the Companions differed and in which Abdullah Ibn 'Umar RA exercised his juristic reasoning is found in the narration of 'Amr bin Shu`aib RA, in which it is stated that a thief bored a hole in a store belonging to Ibn Wabash and he was found therein, having collected the things, but he had not left it. Then lbn Az-zubair came and ordered that his hand cut off. Ibn 'Umar (to' passed by and asked what had taken place and he was informed about it, so he went to Az-zubair and said to him: ''Did you order that his hand be cut off, He replied: ''Yes.'' lbn 'Umar said: ''He is not considered to be a thief until he leaves the house with the stolen goods. 
He used to attach particular importance to the sayings of the senior Companions, if they conformed with the Quran and Sunnah. Child Companions around Rasulullah SAW, It has been reported that a man asked Abdullah Ibn 'Umar RA about a one-eyed man whose eye had been removed by mistake. 'Abdullah bin Safwan said: ''Umar bin A1Khattab RA ruled regarding it that blood money should be paid. The man said: ''I am not asking you, I am asking Abdullah lbn 'Umar.RA'' . Ibn 'Umar said: ''you are informed by 'Umar and you are asking me? 
Az-zuhri said: ''We cannot ignore lbn 'Umar's opinion, because he lived for sixty years after the death of Rasulullah SAW and nothing of his Sunnah was hidden from him, nor that of his companionship.

Some of His Supplications
Abdullah lbn 'Umar RA used to supplicate Allah much and implore Him; some wordings of his supplications include: ''Oh, Allah! Protect me with Your religion, obedience to You and obedience to Your Messenger; oh, Allah! Keep me away from the limits which You have set; oh, Allah! Make me one of those who love You, who love Your angels and who love Your righteous slaves; oh, Allah! Make me love You, Your angels, Your Rasul and Your righteous slaves; oh, Allah! Smooth for me the path of ease and make me far from difficulty and forgive me in the Hereafter and in this world and make me one of the leaders of the righteous; oh, Allah! You said: 'invoke Me and l will respond to your invocation.' And You do not break Your Promise. Oh, Allah! After You have guided me to Islam, do not turn me away from it and do not turn it away from me, so that You take my soul while I remain firm upon it.'

Some of his Sayings

A man said to him: ''Oh, best of people'' or: ''Oh son of the best of people'' Abdullah Ibn 'Umar RA use replied: ''1 am not the best of people, or son of the best of people. I am only one of the slaves of Allah, the Most High and I fear Him. By Allah, you would stay with a man until you destroy him. 
He also said: 'I took the oath of allegiance to Rasulullah SAW of and I did not violate it nor did I alter anything to this day and l have not pledged allegiance to any person who causes trials, nor have l woken a believer from his sleep (i.e., disturbed or annoyed him.)
Abdullah lbn Umar RA said: ''Breaking one's promise is one third of hypocrisy and fulfilling one's promise is one third of faith.
It was said to Abdullah Ibn 'Umar RA : ''Zaid bin Haritah RA has died and left a hundred thousand dirhams.'' He said: ''But they have not left him.

His Martyrdom

The people loved Abdullah Ibn 'Umar RA very much and as we have seen, they considered him to be a perfect example of a Companion who emulated Rasulullah SAW and who neither changed nor substituted anything and whose excellent life story has spread throughout the Islamic world from one end to the other.
In the year of martyrdom, he was in Makkah during the days of Hajj and 'Abdul-Malik bin Marwan was the Umayyid Caliph at the time and he had sent Al-Hajjaj bin Yusuf Ath-Thaqafi to lead the Hajj. The Hajj pilgrims were gathered around Abdullah lbn 'Umar RA, for in the hearts of the people, he has a high rank. And they had left Al-Hajjaj, although he was in charge of the Hajj. 
This cut into the heart of Al-Hajjaj deeply and it did not please him, so he ordered a man who was with him to stab him with a poisoned spear. So when the people dispersed from 'Arafat, the man came close to him and stuck his spear in his foot and he was ill from it for a few days, during which time Al-Hajjaj came to visit him and asked him: ''Who poisoned you, oh, Abu 'Abdur-Rahman?'' Ibn 'Umar asked: ''What will you do with him? Al-Hajjaj replied: ''May Allah kill me if l do not kill him” lbn 'Umar said: ''I do not think that you will do so. It is you who ordered the man who pricked me with a spear. Al-Hajjaj said: ''Why do you say that, may Allah have mercy on you? Abdullah lbn 'Umar RA lingered on for a few days, then he died. 
On his deathbed, Abdullah Ibn 'Umar RA said to his son, Salim: ''Oh, my son! When I die, bury me outside the Sacred Precincts for I dislike to be buried within them after l migrated from here. He said: ''Oh, my father! We will do so, if we are able to. He said: ''You hear me say something to you, I said Al-Hajjaj will prevail against us and he will pray over you. So he became silent. 
He was buried may Allah SWT have mercy on him in the graveyard of the Muhajirun in Fakhkh Dhi Tuwa. He died in the year 73 AH, aged eighty-six years, may Allah have mercy on him.