|The well in Hudaibiyya, , where the pilgrims have their water supply during their encampment.|
|Remnant of Hudaibiya Mosque built by The Ottoman Empire.|
|Hudaibiyah Mosque built by the Saudi Government - Location of Miqat for Haj and Umrah.|
The first messenger from the Muslim camp to Mecca, a convert from the Bani Khozaa, the Qoraish had seized and treated roughly; they maimed the Prophet's camel on which he rode, and even threatened his life. But the feeling was now more pacific, and Mohammed SAW desired Umar RA to proceed to Mecca as his ambassador. Umar RA excused himself on account of the personal enmity of the Quraish towards him; he had, moreover, no influential relatives in the city who could shield him from danger; and he pointed to Othman as a fitter envoy.
from-(The Life of Mohammed, 1877)
2. There would be peace between the Muslims and the Quraish for a period of ten years from the date of the signing of the treaty.
- The Muslims would visit Makkah to perform the pilgrimage in the following year but they would not stay in the city for more than three days, and the only weapons which they would be allowed to bring with them, would be their swords in the scabbards.
The original of the Treaty of Hudaibiyya was retained by Mohammed SAW, while the duplicate was handed to Suheil for safekeeping in the archives of Mecca.
(The Messenger – the Life of Mohammed, 1946)
Abu Bakr RA : Yes. He is the Messenger of God.
UmarRA : Are we or are we not Muslims?
Abu Bakr RA: Yes, we are Muslims
Umar RA: If we are, then why are we surrendering to the pagans in a matter relating to our faith?
Abu Bakr RA: He is God's Messenger, and you must not meddle in this matter.
Many of the Muslims were disappointed at the outcome of Hudaibiyya, having anticipated a triumphant entry into Mecca. Umar ibn al-Khattab RA , as usual, voiced his indignation. ‘Is he not God's Apostle and are we not Muslims and are they not polytheists?' he demanded angrily from the quiet and faithful Abu Bakr RA. ‘Why not fight them; why compromise thus?’
(The Great Arab Conquests)
Umar RA turned excitedly to Abu Bakr RA and other leaders who were near the Prophet SAW to ascertain whether they really intended to submit to this humiliation (sic). He declared later that never before had he such doubts concerning Mohammed's truthfulness, and if he had found merely a hundred like-minded men, he would have resigned from the umma of Islam. (Mohammed – the Man and his Faith)
Umar and some others were angry at the idea of treating with these pagans. The future caliph came to upbraid the Prophet SAW. He declared later that if he had a hundred men on his side, he would have seceded. But Muhammad SAW was immovable.
(Muhammad,translated by Anne Carter)
If it is a coincidence that both the Quraish in Makkah, and Umar RA and his supporters in the Muslim camp, read in the Treaty of Hudaibiyya, the "surrender" of the Muslims, then it was truly remarkable. But if Umar's saber-rattling that day had led to a showdown with the Quraish, then one can surmise what part he would have played in it, judging by his own "track record" both before and after.
Writing about the Treaty of Hudaybiyya, Lt. General Sir John Glubb says in his book, The Life and Times of Mohammed:
The anxieties endured by the Muslims at Hudaibiyya are emphasized by the way in which those days of suspense remained etched on their memories. Many years after, when the Muslim armies had already built up a great empire, when veteran comrades spoke of the early days, the deepest respect was always shown to the men who had fought at Badr and to those who had taken the oath at Hudaibiyya – the two most tense crises of the rise of Islam.
(The Life and Times of Mohammed)
The Muslims were sulkily silent when told by him (the Prophet) to shave their heads and offer their sacrifices. At last (by the advice of his wife, Umm Salamah RA), he performed the operations himself, and his followers did the same.
(Mohammed and the Rise of Islam)
His mission accomplished, Muhammad, the Messenger of God, left Hudaibiyya with the pilgrims, to return to Medina. He was still at seven days' journey from Medina, when the following revelation came from Heaven:
“Verily we have granted thee a manifest victory “(Chapter 48; verse 1)
It was the Treaty of Hudaibiyya that the new revelation called "The Manifest Victory."
1. The Quraish of Makkah acknowledged Muhammad as an equal. Heretofore, they had considered him a rebel and a fugitive from their vengeance.