Both Allah SWT and Rasulullah SAW reciprocated the companions love and devotion.
"… God is well-pleased with them as they are well-pleased with Him. He has prepared for them Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise), to dwell therein forever." (Quran 9:100)
Rasulullah SAW said, "The best of my nation is my generation then those who follow them and then those who follow them."
Rasulullah SAW Admonishes Those Who Backbite
Sahabi RA who was punished for Adultery .
Back Biting Theoot of all Evils.
RA narrates that a Sahabi from the Banu Aslam tribe once approached
Rasulullah SAW and four times (on different occasions) confessed that
he had illegal intercourse with a woman. However, Rasulullah SAW
ignored his confession each time. The narration then continues to the
point where Rasulullah SAW finally gave the instruction for him to be
stoned to death. (After he was stoned,) Rasulullah SAW overheard one
of the Sahabah saying to another, "Look at this man! Where as
Allah had concealed him, he did not leave himself to be until he was
stoned like a dog."
SAW did not respond to the remark and walked on for a while. When
they passed by the carcass of an ass whose one leg was raised in the
air, Rasulullah SAW called for the two men. When they presented
themselves, said to them, "Dismount and eat from that carcass."
Their response was, "0 Nabi of Allah, May Allah forgive you! Who
can eat from that?" Rasulullah SAW said, 'What you just backbite
about your brother is worse than eating that carcass. I swear by the
Being Who controls my life that at this moment he is diving in the
rivers of jannah." (2)
Munkadir narrates that when Rasulullah SAW had a woman stoned,
someone remarked, "All her deeds are destroyed!" to this,
Rasulullah SAW responded by saying, 'While the punishment absolved
her of the sin, you will be taken to task for what you have said!'
Narrations of Aishah RA and Zaid bin Aslam.
Safiyya RA and another Lady. Aishah RA narrates that she once said
to Rasulullah SAW "It will suffice you to know that Safiyya is
like that!" Narrators of the report say that Aishah RA was
referring to the fact that Safiyya RA was short. Rasulullah SAW
then reprimanded Aishah RA saying, "Should the words you spoke
be mixed with the ocean, it would surely spoil it."
RA also reports that when she once imitated someone, Rasulullah SAW
said that he would not like her to imitate someone in front of him
even in exchange for an abundance of wealth. (I)
A narration of Abu Dawood states that the camel of Safiyya RA once
fell ill. Because Zainab RA had extra riding camels, Rasulullah SAW
asked her to give one to Safiyya RA. Zainab RA however responded by
saying, "Should I give my camel to that Jewess!" This
angered Rasulullah SAW so much that he did not go to Zainab RA for
the months of Dhul Hijjah, Muharram and a part of Safar. (2)
states that Rasulullah SAW kept away from her for the two months of
Dhul Hijjah and Muharram or perhaps even three months. Zainab RA says
that she had even lost hope of Rasulullah SAW ever returning to her.
RA says, "I was once with Rasulullah SAW when I remarked that a
certain woman wore a long hem. 'Spit out!' Rasulullah SAW
exclaimed, 'Spit out!' When I spat, it was a piece of meat that came
out." (4) Zaid
bin Aslam RA reports that Rasulullah SAW wives once gathered to see
Rasulullah SAW during the illness in which he passed away. Safiyya
binti Huyay RA said, "0 Nabi of Allah ! By Allah! I wish that I
should rather be suffering what you are suffering." (Taking her
words to be insincere,) The other wives then started winking at each
other. seeing them do this, Rasulullah SAW told them all to rinse
they inquired what it was they were required to rinse off, Rasulullah
SAW replied, "Your winking at the expense of your companion. I
swear by Allah SWT that she is sincere in what she said." (5)
Rasulullah SAW rebukes some sahabah RA for their Backbiting. Abu
Hurayrah RA narrates that when a particular Sahabi RA once stood up
(and left), some of the Sahabah RA remarked, "What a feeble
person he is, 0 Rasulullah" (or they said, "What a weak
person he is!"). To this, Rasulullah SAW admonished, "You
have backbitten your friend and eaten his flesh." A narration of
Tabraani states that when a Sahabi RA got up to leave, the others
noticed that he did so very feebly. "How very feeble is her"
they commented. Rasulullah SAW immediately said, "You have eaten
your brother's flesh and backbitten him."
bin Jabal RA report a narration similar to the above with the
addition that the Sahabah RA (who passed the remark) enquired, "0
Rasulullah SAW We have stated only what is truly his nature."
Rasulullah SAW explained, "(That is still backbiting because he
would not like to hear this, however) If you had mentioned what was
not actually in him, you would then be guilty of slandering him."
bin Amr RA reports that some of the Sahabah RA once passed a remark
about a particular Sahabi RA saying, "He will never eat until
he is fed and will not ride unless the animal is saddled for him (he
is very lazy}." "You have backbitten him," Rasulullah
SAW scolded. "0 Rasulullah!" they submitted, "But we
have only stated what is truly his nature." Rasulullah SAW
replied, "It is enough to backbite that you merely mention a
fault that your brother truly has within him." (2)
bin Mas'ud RA narrates that they were once with Rasulullah SAW when
a Sahabi RA got up to leave. After he had left, someone then spoke
ill of him. "Repent," Rasulullah SAW instructed. "What
should I repent for?" the person queried. Rasulullah SAW
replied, "Because you have eaten your brother's flesh."
narration states that Rasulullah SAW instructed, "Pick your
teeth". "What should I pick them for, 0 Rasulullah?"
the person queried, "I have not eaten any meat?" (4)
The Incident of Two Ladies who ruined their fasts by
Anas ~~~ reports that Rasulullaah ~ once instructed them to fast,
making it clear that none was to end the fast until he permitted
them. The Sahabah RA then observed the fast. By the evening, a man
came and said, "0 Rasulullah I have been fasting all day, so
permit me to end the fast." Rasulullah SAW gave him permission.
In this manner, people continued coming until a man came and said, "0
Rasulullah SAW! Two young ladies from your family have fasted all day
and are too shy to come to you (for permission to end the fast), so
do grant them permission to terminate their fasts." Rasulullah
SAW ignored the man. When the man repeated himself, Rasulullah SAW
again ignored him. When he again repeated himself, Rasulullah SAW
again ignored him. When he did so yet again, Rasulullah SAW still
Rasulullah SAW said, "The two of them definitely did not fast.
How can a person fast when he has spent this day eating the flesh of
people? Go and tell them that if they really have fasted, they should
vomit." The man returned to them and when he informed them (of
Rasulullah's SAW instruction), they both vomited clots of blood. The
man then reported back to Rasulullah SAW who said, "I swear by
the Being Who controls my life that if it had remained in their
bellies, the Fire of ]ahanam would have consumed both of them."
narration states that when the man told one of the ladies to vomit,
she vomited blood, puss and meat which half filled a cup. When he
then told the other lady to vomit, she vomited blood, puss and fresh
meat which then filled the cup. Rasulullah SAW then said, "The
two of them fasted (abstained) from what Allah SWT had made lawful
for them (food and drink) but then terminated their fasts with that
which Allah SWT had forbidden for them (backbiting). The one sat with
the other and started eating the flesh of other people." (2)
Nu'aym in his Hi/ya (VoU Pg.94), reporting from reliable sources as
confirmed by Haythami
Razzaaq and Abu Dawood, as quoted in KanzuJ UmmaaJ (Vol.3 Pg.93). Ibn
Hibbaan has also
a similar narration in his Saheeh, as quoted in Targheeb wat
T(1arheeb (Vol.4 Pg.288).
has also reported the narration briefly in his Adab (Pg.108)
andHaafidh has confirmed
authentidty from Ibn Hibbaan in Fat'hul Baari (Vol.lO Pg.361).
Razzaaq, as quoted in KanzuJ UmmaaJ (Vo!.3 Pg.93).
Dawood, Tirmidhi and Bayhaqi.
Targheeb wat Tarheeb (VolA Pg.284).
Sa'd (Vol.8 Pg.127).
Abi Dunya, as quoted in Targheeb wat Tarheeb (VolA Pg.284l.
Sa'd (VoL8 Pg.128), as quoted in lsaabah (VolA Pg.348l. Ibn Sa'd has
also reported a similar
from Hadhrat Ataa in (Vo1.2 Pg.313l.
Targheeb wat Tarheeb (Vo1.4 Pg.285). Haythami (Vol.8 Pg.94) has
commented on the chain of
Tabraani. Haythami (Vol.8 Pg.94) has commented on the chain of
Isbaaani, as quoted in Targheeb wat Tarheeb (VolA Pg.285l.
Abi Shaybah and Tabraani, as quoted in Targheeb wat Tarheeb (VolA
Majma'uz zawaa'id (Vol.8 Pg.94).
Consequences for back biting
most important part of the body is the heart as has been
mentioned by our noble Prophet Muhammed - SAW - in his saying,
“Indeed there is a piece of flesh in your body that, if it be
sound, then the whole body will be sound and if it be corrupt
then the whole body will be corrupt. Indeed it is the heart.”
- Sahih al-Bukhari [1/49] & Sahih al-Muslim 
heart is thus the port where all actions stem, whether good or
evil. If the heart is good then the actions will be good and if
the heart is corrupt then the actions will be bad. The heart is
the place where Allah scans, as the Rasulullah SAW- says,
“Allah does not look at your bodies nor your faces but he
scans your heart and actions.” - Sahih al-Muslim [4/6221]
for the heart, Allah SWT has commanded us to love Him and His
Messenger, to love the righteous people, to love that which
Allah SWT loves and to hate all which Allah SWT hates. The
tongue acts accordingly, because.... the tongue expresses what
is in the heart.
Tongue Expresses what is in the Heart:
a person is good, it reflects in their saying. Allah SWT has
made it very easy for the tongue to move, and it is not
difficult to realize that a person’s tongue moves much more
as if compared to the limbs. So if a person is not careful
about what he says, even a single saying of his can invalidate
his actions. It is for this reason that the whole body warns
the tongue saying, “Fear Allah concerning us, for we are
(dependant) upon you. If you are upright then we will be
upright and if you are corrupt then we will be corrupt.” -
Sunan at-Tirmidhi (1912), Mishkaat (4838) and Riyaadh
at the same time, the tongue is a great blessing from Allah SWT
. If we look at the animals, who are unable to speak, we
realize the importance of this great tool of communication.
gratitude that we should show for this great blessing should
include, using it for the obedience to Allah SWT, for reading
the Qur'aan, for seeking Knowledge, to enjoin good and
forbidding evil. The prohibitions of the tongue are that you do
not lie, abuse, use foul language, backbite and slander.
SWT says in the begining of Soorah al-Mumineen, “Indeed
successful are the Believers, those who in their prayer have
Khushoo’ (fear of Allah) and those who refrain from vain
talk.” [Soorah Mumineen : 1-3]
Allah mentions that refraining from vain talk is a sign of the
successful believers. Allah SWT also mentions refraining from
vain talk after he mentions al-Khushu’. This is because too
much talk makes the heart hard. It is not possible to reach the
level of Khushu’ (fear of Allah) unless one refrains from
vain talk. Imaam an-Nawawee - rahimahullah - mentions
“Know it is incumbent upon all to guard their tongues from
most speech, except a word that has some benefit in it....” -
for those who take heed there is a constant reminder in the
verse, “Not a word is said except that there is a watcher by
him ready to record it.” - [Soorah Qaf (50):18]
Messenger of Allah, Muhammed Rasulullah SAW - said, “Whoever
believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak good or keep
silent.” Imaam ash-Shafiee - rahimahullah - said. “If
you wish to speak then it is upon you to think before you
speak. If you think there is good in it then speak and if not
then do not speak.”
earlier mentioned Qur'aanic verses, Hadeeth (sayings) of our
noble Prophet and advices by the scholars of Islaam are a guide
for those searching for salvation against vain talk. So before
we talk, should we not ask ourselves....
Will this saying of mine please Allah?
Will this saying of mine bring me closer to Allah?
Does this saying earn with it obedience to Allah?
yes, then speak, otherwise one should keep quiet.
your tongue from all Haaram
Messenger of Allah -Muhammad SAW said, “Guard your tongue,
stay in your homes and weep over your sins.” - Related by Ibn
Mubarak in az-Zuhd (no.134), Musnad Ahmed bin Hambal (5/259),
Sunan at-Tirmidhi (2531) and authenticated by al-Albaani in
Rasulullah SAW - said, “Most of the sins of the children of
Adam are from the tongue.” - At-Tabaraani (3/87/1-2).
Authenticated by al-Haafidh al-Mundhiri in al-Targheeb (4/8)
by Mughira bin Shu’ba - RA - : The Prophet - SAW -
said, “Allah has forbidden for you:(1) to be undutiful to
your mothers, (2) to bury your daughters alive, (3) not to pay
the rights of the poor and others (i.e. charity) and (4) to beg
of men. And Allah SWT has hated for you: (1) Qil and Qal
(sinful and useless talk, like backbiting or that one talks too
much about others), (2) to ask too many questions (in disputed
religious matters, etc.), (3) to waste your wealth (by
extravagance with lack of wisdom and thinking).” - Sahih
Musa al-Ashari RA - said, “O Rasulullah, which of the Muslims
are better?” Rasulullah SAW said, “Those who do not harm
the Muslims with their tongues and hands.” - Saheeh
al-Bukhari (1/10) and Saheeh al-Muslim (1/64)
ibn Sa’ad RA reported that the Rasulullah SAW said,
“Whoever guards what is between his jaws and legs. I shall
guarantee him paradise.” - Saheeh al-Bukhari (8/481). A
similar narration can be found in Muwatta of Imam Malik (56/11)
and Sunan at-Tirmidhi.
the Companion of the Prophet, Mu’az ibn Jabal RA asked the
Rasulullah SAW - about that which would entitle him to enter
Paradise and save him from the hell-fire, he – Rasulullah SAW
mentioned the pillars of Islam and informed Mu’az RA of the
importance of the night prayers and of Jihad. He – Rasulullah
SAW then said, “Should I not inform you of the sheet anchor
of all this?”, and then took hold of his tongue and said,
“Exercise restraint on it.”. Mu’az RA enquired, “O
Rasulullah , will we be held responsible for what we say with
it?” Thereupon, the Rasulullah SAW said, “Mu’az, will
anything else besides (irresponsible) talk cause the people to
be thrown in the Hell-Fire upon their faces?” - Sunan
at-Tirmidhi and Riyaadh as-Saaliheen (2/1522)
of the people who will enter the fire, will do so due to their
tongues, so a Muslim must beware and learn to imprison the
tongue from vain talk, for Rasulullah SAW said, “Every
saying of the children of Adam is cursed, except for the
enjoining good and forbidding the evil or for the remembrance
of Allah.” - Sunan at-Tirmidhi
“The world and all that it contains is cursed, except for the
remembrance of Allah and what supports it,and a scholar and a
student.” - Sunan Ibn Majah (no.4112) and and authenticated
by Sheikh al-Albani in Saheehul-Jaami’ (no.3414)
Hurairah RA reports on the authority of Rasulullah SAW that,
“From the good Islam of a man, is that he leaves that which
does not benefit him.” - Musnad Ahmed bin Hambal (4/132),
Sunan at-Tirmidhi, Sunan Ibn Majah, al-Baihaqi in Shu’ab
Ahmad - RA - mentioned in his Musnad on the authority of Anas
RA who relates that Rasulullah SAW said’ The iman of Allah’s
servant will not be upright until his heart is upright and his
heart will not be upright until his tongue is upright.” -
Also mentioned in al-Mundhiri (3/234) and al-Iraqee in al-Ihya
saying ! ! Subhan Allah:
Hurairah RA said that he heard Rasulullah SAW say, “Indeed a
servant (worshipper of Allah) may say a word which he doesn’t
realize and it will make him fall into the fire further than
the East and the West.” Abu Hurairah RA also reported
that Rasulullah SAW said, “Indeed a servant may say a word
from which Allah’s pleasure is gained and the servant does
not realize it, Allah SWT will raise him up levels. Indeed a
servant may say a word from which Allah’s displeasure is
gained and he does not realize it, Allah SWT will put him in
Jahanam due to it.” - Saheeh al-Bukhari (8/485), Al-Muwatta
(56/6) and in Saheehul-Jaami’ of al-Albaani
Ahmed RA along with at-Tirmidhi, an-Nasaai and Ibn Majah record
a Hadeeth on the authority of the Sahabee, Fujani RA who said,
“O Rasulullah tell me something that I may be firm upon?”.
He – Rasulullah SAW answered, “Say, My Lord is Allah and
then be upright concerning it.” He asked, “What is the
thing that you fear for most.” Rasulullah SAW took hold of
his tongue and said, “This!”. - Musnad Ahmed bin Hambal,
Sunan an-Nasaai, Sunan Ibn Majah and Sunan at-Tirmidhi
says in the Qur'aan, “Do not backbite each other, would any
of you wish to eat the flesh of your dead brother, no rather
you hate it!! [Soorah Hujarat :12]
SAW once asked his Companions, “Do you know what is
backbiting?” They said, “Allah and His Messenger know
best.”. He – Rasulullah SAW said, “To mention about your
brother that which he hates.” They said, “If that we see
about our brother is true?” He – Rasulullah SAW said, “If
there is in him what you say about him then that is backbiting,
and if you say of him that which is not true then you have
slandered him.” - Saheeh al-Muslim (4/6265), Sunan Abu Dawood
(3/4856) and al-Muwatta (56/10)
SAW vigorously opposed all aspects of backbiting, even when it
appeared in his own family. For example, once a woman visited
Aishah RA and when the woman got up to leave, Aishah RA made a
sign with her hand indicating to Rasulullah SAW that the woman
was short of stature. Rasulullah SAW immediately chastised
her, saying “You have backbitten!” and in another
narration, “You have said a saying that if mixed with the sea
it would change its color.” - Mentioned in Ibn Jareer in
Tafseer al-Qur'aan al-Adheem, vol.4, p.328 (30) and Sunan Abu
Bakar RA reports that Rasulullah SAW said, in his khutbah
on the day of Nahr, “Indeed the blood, property and honor are
sacred to you, like the sacredness of this day (‘arafah),
like the sacredness of this place, like the sacredness of this
month; Have I conveyed the message?” - Saheeh al-Bukhari
(1/105) and Saheeh al-Muslim (2/2803) and part of a lengthy
by Allah he – Rasulullah SAW - has conveyed the message, so
guard the right of the Believers!
SWT says in the Qur'aan, “Woe to every slanderer and
backbiter.” [Soorah Humaza:1]
SAW said, “The Gossip-monger will not enter paradise.”
[Saheeh al-Bukhari (8/82), Saheeh al-Muslim (1/187) and Musnad
Ahmed bin Hambal]
SAW passed by two graves and said, “They are being punished.
As regards one of them then he used to go around
gossip-mongering and as regards the other then he was not
careful while urinating.” - Saheeh al-Bukhari (1/215) and
Saheeh al-Muslim (1/575)
the authority of Said ibn Zayid that Rasulullah SAW said,
“Indeed the lowest form of usury is to prolong the speech
about the honor of a Muslim without justice.” - Sunan Abu
the evil habit of backbiting
as Imam an-Nawawee - rahimahullaah - said that one should
remember the punishment of Allah SWT. And remember that Allah
SWT is the Lord of the heavens and the earth. He is the One,
aware of ever saying, at every time. Then if one remembers
this, then it is only natural that one will be modest and shy
in this aspect. We need to realize that when one of us is hurt,
when something wrong is said about the creation, then what
about the Creator, who is the All-Seeing and All-Hearing.
we should reflect on the Qur'anic verse, “Do not backbite
each other, would any of you wish to eat the flesh of your dead
brother, no rather you hate it!!” [Soorah Hujarat :12]
we surely hate even the thought of it.
fear that your own faults would be revealed, as Rasulullah SAW
said, “O you who believe with your tongues, yet iman has not
entered your hearts. Do not backbite the Muslims, nor follow
their faults. For he who follows others faults then Allah SWT
will declare (disclose) his faults and he whom Allah SWT
reveals his faults, then Allah SWT disgraces him in his own
house.” - Sunan Abu Dawood (3/4862) and and authenticated by
Sheikh al-Albani in Saheeh Jaami’ Sagheer
take the advice of the pious scholars of Islam, among them ….
Umar ibn Khattab RA who said, “Be careful from remembering
people for it is an illness and be in the remembrance of Allah
SWT for it is a medicine.”
man came to al-Hasan al-Basri - rahimahullaah - and said that,
he heard that al-Hassan al-Basri had backbitten him. Upon this
he - rahimahullaah - said, “Who are you that I may give you
and the most important thing to keep in mind is that there is a
great reward to refrain from backbiting, as Rasulullah SAW
said, “Whoever protects the honor of his brother in his
absence, Allah SWT will protect his face from the Fire on the
Day of Judgment.” - Sunan at-Tirmidhi and and authenticated
by Sheikh al-Albani in Saheeh Sunan at-Tirmidhi (2/1575)
are few exceptions to backbiting, that the scholars have
classified, among them ….. • Oppression: If one
has been harmed or one’s property has been unlawfully taken
away by another, and this person goes to the ruler or judge in
order to seek justice, this is not backbiting.
the Munkar: If one finds a person involved in evil actions or
innovations, and one is unable to correct his Munkar. It is
allowed to seek the help of a more knowledgeable person, even
if it mean defining the Munkar of the evil-doer or innovator.
a Fatwa (religious verdict): For example, there is a dispute
between a husband and his wife, and if either of them seek the
advice of a religious scholar, then this situation is exempt
a Muslim from evil: For example, if a fellow Muslim is going to
do a business with an dishonest person or if a Muslim is
unaware that the person to whom he is marrying his daughter to,
is an unreligious person; then to advice and guide him is
exempt from backbiting.
against innovators and sinners: If a innovator is openly
involved in spreading his innovative beliefs or a sinner
remorselessly declares his sin and is thus being a bad example
for others; then warning others against him is allowed. But if
he commits a sin secretly and as such harms just himself, to
openly declare his sins is still strictly prohibitted.
SAW said, “Do not nurse a grudge (against a Muslim) and do
not outbid him for raising the price and do not nurse aversion
(strong dislike) or enmity and do not enter into a transaction
when others have entered into that transaction and be as
fellow-brothers and servants of Allah SWT. A Muslim is the
brother of another, he neither betrays (or deceives him), nor
humiliates him, nor looks down upon him. Piety is here (and
while saying so) he pointed towards his chest three times. All
things of a Muslims are inviolable for his brother in faith,
his blood, his wealth and his honor.” - Saheeh al-Muslim
(4/6219), part of the wording being that of Sunan Abu Dawood
SAW also said, “No (Muslim) man will desert a man who is a
Muslim in a place where his respect may be violated and his
honor aspersed without Allah SWT deserting him in a place where
he wishes help; and no (Muslim) man who will help a Muslim in a
place where is honor may be aspersed and his respect violated
without Allah helping him in a place where he wishes his help.”
- Sunan Abu Dawood (3/4866) and and authenticated by Sheikh
al-Albani in Saheeh Jaami’ Sagheer