|For Illustration Only - As'ad Ibn Zurarah the chief of Bani Najar,|
Rasulullah ﷺ, and the 1st Pledge of Aqaba. For quite a long time a furious war had been raging between the tribes of ‘Aws’ and ‘Khazraj’ (of Yathrib). During this time As’ad bin Zurarah one of the chiefs of Khazraj made a journey to Makkah for strengthening the power of his tribe. As‘ad ibn Zurarah RA intention was to seek military and financial assistance from Quraysh to subdue his one hundred years old enemy (i.e. the tribe of Aws).
|For Illustration only - The 1st Pledge of aqaba|
"Don’t consider anything equal to Allah; Be kind to your parents; Don’t murder your children out of fear of poverty (for We give sustenance to everyone) Don’t even approach indecency either in public or in private."
Which in fact draws a true picture of the mentality and ways of life of the Arabs of the age of ignorance. These two verses which mention the ailment as well as the remedy for a people who had been at logger-heads with one another for as many as one hundred and twenty years made a very deep impression on As‘ad ibn Zurarah.
- I have been sent on my Prophetic Mission to obliterate polytheism and idol-worship.
- Goodness to parents occupies the top-most place in my message.
- According to my sacred law killing of children due to fear of poverty is the worst possible deed.
- I have been appointed to restrain human beings from doing bad deeds and to keep them away from every uncleanliness whether it be open or hidden.
- My law provides that man-slaughter and bloodshed without just cause are absolutely forbidden.
- Misappropriation of property belonging to orphans is prohibited.
- My law is based on justice. Hence according to it selling under-weight is unlawful.
- I do not charge anyone with more than he can bear.
- The tongue and speech of man which are a resplendent mirror reflecting his mentality should be utilised in support of truth and reality and a person should speak nothing but the truth even though it may cause him loss.
- Be true to the covenants which you have made with Allah. This has been ordained by your Lord and it is essential for you to follow it.
Religion In Arabia at that time.
(Surah al-Zumar, 39:3 )
Asad died within days, at the beginning of Shawwal, i.e., in April 623.
Rasulullah ﷺ attended his ritual washing and had him shrouded in three layer garments; Rasulullah ﷺ walked in front of the bier and conducted the funeral prayers. Asad was said to be the first man buried at Al-Baqi'.Rasulullah ﷺ considered Asad's death a grave misfortune. Rasulullah ﷺ worried that the Jews and the hypocrites would say that Allah would not have allowed the friend of a true prophet to die, but "I have no power from Allah for myself or my friend."
Asad left his mother, three daughters, an aunt and some gold and pearl jewellery in the care of Rasulullah ﷺ. Asad's womenfolk lived as Rasulullah ﷺ's dependants among his wives,and Rasulullah ﷺ later arranged marriages for Asad's daughters.
When As'ad bin Zurarah RA died, the Banu Najjar said, "Our leader has died. Pick up for us another leader, O Messenger of Allah. "The Messenger of Allah 'alaihi wa sallam replied," I am your leader. "
Since Asad had not left any sons, the Najjar asked Rasulullah ﷺ to appoint a new leader for their clan. Rasulullah ﷺ replied, "You are my maternal uncles, and we belong together, so I will be your leader." The Najjar were pleased to have Rasulullah ﷺ as their new chief.
The First to organize Juma'at Prayer.
As’ad (RA) observed that the Jews and Christians had a special day of the week in which they congregated; the Jews on Saturday and the Christians on Sunday. He suggested that Muslims should also observe a day of the week in which they congregate to remember Allah (SWT), offer Salaah and worship Him. As’ad (RA) proposed Friday as this special day; he chose the name Jumu’ah and led the Muslims in prayer. Previously, during the times of ignorance, this day was referred to as the day of Arubah. Allah (SWT) revealed a verse approving of this new name and blessed day.
|The location where the frst Jummat Prayer organize by As'ad Ibn Zurarah RA in Madinah .|