As’ad ibn Zurarah

For Illustration Only - As'ad Ibn Zurarah the chief  of Bani Najar,

As‘ad ibn Zurarah was the son of Zurara ibn Udas and Suwad (al-Furaya) bint Rafi, both of the Malik branch of the Najjar clan of the Khazraj tribe in Madinah. As‘ad ibn Zurarah had a brother, Saad and two sisters, al-Faria and Ruwayba. Saad ibn Muadh, an important chief of the Aws tribe, was their maternal first cousin

As‘ad ibn Zurarah married Amira (Umayra) bint Sahl, also from the Malik ibn Najjar clan, and they had three daughters: al-Furaya, Habiba and Kabsha. By 620 he had become the leader of the Najjar clan.

As‘ad ibn Zurarah was a monotheist but yet he hated the Jews. As‘ad ibn Zurarah belonged to the Anshar group who met Rasulullah in al-Aqabah to embrace Islam. Rasulullah chose him as one of the 12 leaders.

For illustration only - As'ad ibn zarurah RA - leading the Anshar.

In his hands the chiefs of Anshar, such as Usaid bin Hudhair and Sa'ad bin Mu'adz, embraced Islam. When Mush'ab bin Umair came to Madinah, As'ad ibn Zurarah narrated the place and protected him.

As‘ad ibn Zurarah ibn ‘Ads was among the Ansar Sahaba (companions) of Rasulullah . As‘ad ibn Zurarah RA was from the Banu Khazraj. As‘ad ibn Zurarah RA was one of the twelve chosen deputies during the Second pledge at al-Aqabah.  Talha lived with him after the Migration to Madinah.
Long before secret meeting of the Anshar and
Rasulullah ﷺ, and the 1st Pledge of Aqaba. For quite a long time a furious war had been raging between the tribes of ‘Aws’ and ‘Khazraj’ (of Yathrib). During this time As’ad bin Zurarah one of the chiefs of Khazraj made a journey to Makkah for strengthening the power of his tribe. As‘ad ibn Zurarah RA intention was to seek military and financial assistance from Quraysh to subdue his one hundred years old enemy (i.e. the tribe of Aws).

For Illustration only - The 1st Pledge of aqaba

 Madinah was a divided city. The Khazraj and Aws tribes fought each other: and also raided the Jews.The Jews warned the polytheists: "A prophet will be sent soon. His day is at hand. We shall follow him and kill you by his aid as Ad and Iram perished."
Owing to his old relations with 'Utbah bin Rabiyyah he stayed with him. As‘ad ibn Zurarah  told him the purpose of his visit and requested him for help. His old friend (‘Utbah) however replied in these words: “Just at present we cannot accede to your request because we ourselves are in a strange fix. A man has risen from amongst ourselves. He insults our gods considers our ancestors to have been frivolous and stupid.
With his sweet words he has attracted some of our young men and has thus created a deep cleavage amongst us. Except the Haj period he spends most of his time in Sha’b (Mountain Pass) of Abu Talib. During Haj period however he emerges from there and takes his place in Hajar-i Isma’il. There he invites people to his faith.
As‘ad ibn Zurarah decided to return home without contacting other chiefs of Quraysh. However in keeping with the old Arab custom he decided to perform the pilgrimage of the House of Allah (the Ka’bah) before his departure. But ‘Utbah warned him lest while he was going round the Ka’bah he should hear the bewitching words of the new Prophet and be attracted to him. To solve this problem ‘Utbah suggested to As’ad to thrust cotton in his ears so that he might not hear the Prophet.
As‘ad ibn Zurarah slowly stepped into the Haram and began going round the Ka’bah. During the first round he glanced at the Rasulullah and saw him sitting in Hajar-i Isma’il while a number of Hashimites were guarding him. Fearing the magic of Rasulullah ’s words he (As’ad) did not go to him.
Eventually however while going round the Ka’bah As‘ad ibn Zurarah reflected within himself and felt that he was doing a very foolish thing in avoiding Rasulullah because people might question him about this affair on his return to Yathrib and it would be necessary for him to give them a satisfactory reply. As‘ad ibn Zurarah therefore decided to obtain first-hand information about the new religion without any further delay.
As‘ad ibn Zurarah came forward and saluted Rasulullah with the words An’am Sabahan (Good Morning) according to the custom prevalent in the Age of Ignorance.
Rasulullah however said to him in reply that Allah had prescribed a better form of salutation. Rasulullah said that when two persons meet each other they should say Salamun Alaykum.
Then As‘ad ibn Zurarah requested Rasulullah to explain and clarify to him the aims and objects of his religion. In reply Rasulullah recited for him two verses: Rasulullah say Let me tell you about what your Allah  has commanded:

  "Don’t consider anything equal to Allah; Be kind to your parents; Don’t murder your children out of fear of poverty (for We give sustenance to everyone) Don’t even approach indecency either in public or in private."
  "Don’t murder for no reason anyone whom Allah has considered respectable. Thus Allah guides you so that you may think. Don’t handle the property of the orphans except with a good reason until they become mature and strong. Maintain equality in your dealings by the means of measurement and balance. (No soul is responsible for what is beyond it’s ability). Be just in your words even if the party involved is one of your relatives; and keep your promise with Allah. Thus does Allah guide you so that you may take heed."
(Surah An’am 6 152 – 153) 

Which in fact draws a true picture of the mentality and ways of life of the Arabs of the age of ignorance. These two verses which mention the ailment as well as the remedy for a people who had been at logger-heads with one another for as many as one hundred and twenty years made a very deep impression on As‘ad ibn Zurarah

In 620 As‘ad ibn Zurarah had a legal dispute with Dhakwan ibn Abd Qays. During the pilgrimage season that summer, they both travelled to Makkah, hoping that Utbah ibn Rabiah could settle it for them. Utbah told them about Rasulullah , "who believes he is a messenger of God." Rasulullah was at that time looking for military allies against the Quraysh. He offered himself as a prophet to any tribe that would listen. Dhakwan, who knew of Asad's monotheism, told him, "Leave him; this is your creed!"
 As‘ad ibn Zurarah embraced Islam immediately and requested Rasulullah to send someone to Yathrib (Madinah) in the capacity of a missionary of Islam. later together with five friends, As‘ad ibn Zurarah met up with Rasulullah just outside Makkah. On hearing that they were of the Khazraj tribe, Rasulullah asked if they were allies of the Jews. They said they were, so he invited them to sit with him. Rasulullah explained Islam to them and recited the Qur'an. When they heard Muhammad's message they said one to another: 
"This is the very prophet of whom the  jews warned us. Don't let them get to him before we do!" As‘ad ibn Zurarah was the first to accept Rasulullah teachings and become a Muslim, and his five friends followed. Rasulullah asked them to support him in bringing his message to his people..They told him, "No tribe is so divided by hatred and rancour as ours. Perhaps Allah will unite them through you. So let us go to them and invite them to this religion of yours; and if Allah unites them in it, then no man will be mightier than you."
They returned to Madinah as the city's first Muslims. As‘ad ibn Zurarah broke his clan's idols. They told their people about Islam, and the news spread around Madinah until Rasulullah had been mentioned in every home.
Let's go into details of these two verses it will be sufficient to make us dispense with discussions and studies about the conditions of the Arabs of the Age of Ignorance for they abundantly clarify the extent to which chronic moral ailments were threatening the very existence of those people.

We give below the contents of those verses with very brief explanation:

  1. I have been sent on my Prophetic Mission to obliterate polytheism and idol-worship.
  2. Goodness to parents occupies the top-most place in my message.
  3. According to my sacred law killing of children due to fear of poverty is the worst possible deed.
  4. I have been appointed to restrain human beings from doing bad deeds and to keep them away from every uncleanliness whether it be open or hidden.
  5. My law provides that man-slaughter and bloodshed without just cause are absolutely forbidden.
  6. Misappropriation of property belonging to orphans is prohibited.
  7. My law is based on justice. Hence according to it selling under-weight is unlawful.
  8. I do not charge anyone with more than he can bear.
  9. The tongue and speech of man which are a resplendent mirror reflecting his mentality should be utilised in support of truth and reality and a person should speak nothing but the truth even though it may cause him loss.
  10. Be true to the covenants which you have made with Allah. This has been ordained by your Lord and it is essential for you to follow it.[4]

From the contents of these two verses and the manner in which Rasulullah conversed with As'ad Ibn Zurara; it can very well be realised that the Arabs had developed all these base qualities and for this very reason Rasulullah read but at the very outset these two verses for As‘ad ibn Zurarah as the aim of his mission. In the circumstances is it possible to agree to the claim made by some persons that an expansive civilisation existed for ages in all parts of Arabia?

Religion In Arabia at that time.

When Prophet Ibrahim AS hoisted the standard of the worship of Almighty Allah and raised the foundations of the Holy Ka’bah with the assistance of his son Isma’il some people gathered round him and the rays of his sun-like personality illuminated their hearts. However the extent to which this great soul could combat with idol-worship and form compressed rows of the worshippers of Allah is not known for certain.

During many periods and especially amongst the Arabs belief in the worship of God was mostly accompanied by polytheism and by the faith that idols were manifestations of the Deity. Out of their various beliefs the Holy Qur’an has mentioned one such belief saying If you ask them who created the heavens and the earth they are bound to answer:

“The Almighty the All-knowing created them (Surah al-Zukhruf, 43:9). We serve them (i.e. idols etc.) only that they may bring us nearer to God. 
(Surah al-Zumar, 39:3 )  

Saiyidina Ali Ibn Abu Talib RA, the Commander of the Faithful, describes the religious conditions of the Arab peoples in the following words:

People of those days possessed various creeds and different heresies and were divided into many sects. One group likened Allah to His creatures (and believed that He possessed limbs). Others brought about changes in His names (for example the idol-worshippers who had adopted ‘Lat’ from Allah and ‘Uzza’ from Aziz). There was also a group who pointed to those other than Him. Later He guided them through Rasulullah and made them conversant with the knowledge of Divinity”

The enlightened people amongst the Arabs worshipped the sun and the moon. The renowned Arab historian Kalbi who died in the year 206 A.H. writes thus: “The tribe named Bani Malih worshipped the genii and the tribes of Humayr Kananah Tamim Lakham Tai Qays and Asad worshipped the sun the moon the Dabran (a star in the sign of the zodiac named Taurus) the Jupiter the Canopus the Dog-star and the Mercury respectively.

However the degraded section of the society which formed majority of the inhabitants of Arabia besides worshipping the idols of their own families and tribes worshipped another 360 idols and ascribed the daily happenings to one of them”.

The reasons for the birth of idol-worship in the areas of Makkah after the passing away of the Holy Prophet Ibrahim AS will be discussed later. However it is an admitted fact that in the early days this practice was not so perfect. In the beginning the Arabs considered the idols to be mere interceders and gradually imagined them to be possessing power.

The idols arranged round the Ka’bah were entitled to affection and respect by all tribes but the idols of the tribes were adored by a particular group only. Every tribe allocated a specified place to its idols to ensure their safety. The office of custodian of the keys of the temples in which idols were installed was hereditary and was handed down from one person to another.

Family idols were worshipped by the members of a family every day and night. While proceeding on journey they rubbed them with their bodies. While travelling they worshipped the desert stones. When they reached a halting place they selected four stones. Out of these they worshipped the most beautiful one and used the remaining three as a stand for the fire-place to cook food.

The people of Makkah had great attachment for the sanctuary. While proceeding on a journey they picked up stones from its precincts and installed and worshipped them whenever they broke the journey. Possibly these were the very ‘ansab’ (the installed ones) which have been interpreted as smooth and amorphous stones. As opposed to these were the ‘awthan’ which meant well shaped and painted idols made from hewn stones.

As regards ‘asnam’ however they were idols made with moulded gold or silver or carved out of wood.

Humility of Arabs before the idols was really surprising. They believed that by offering sacrifices they could win their good-will. And after offering sacrifice of an animal they rubbed its blood on the head and the face of the idol. They also consulted the idols in big and important matters. This consultation was through sticks on one of which they wrote ‘Do’ and on the other ‘Don’t do’. Then they stretched their hand picked up one of the sticks and acted according to the writing on it.
Together with five friends, As‘ad ibn Zurarah met up with Rasulullah just outside Makkah. On hearing that they were of the Khazraj tribe, Rasulullah asked if they were allies of the Jews. They said they were, so he invited them to sit with him. Rasulullah explained Islam to them and recited the Qur'an.When they heard Muhammad's message they said one to another: 
"This is the very prophet of whom the  jews warned us. Don't let them get to him before we do!" As‘ad ibn Zurarah was the first to accept Rasulullah teachings and become a Muslim, and his five friends followed. Rasulullah asked them to support him in bringing his message to his people..They told him, "No tribe is so divided by hatred and rancour as ours. Perhaps Allah will unite them through you. So let us go to them and invite them to this religion of yours; and if Allah unites them in it, then no man will be mightier than you."
They returned to Madinah as the city's first Muslims. As‘ad ibn Zurarah broke his clan's idols. They told their people about Islam, and the news spread around Madinah until Rasulullah had been mentioned in every home.

The demised  of As'ad Ibn Zurarah RA:

In spring 623 Asad suffered from an illness, similar to diphtheria or meningitis, that entailed a rattling in his throat.Rasulullah visited him in his sickness, exclaiming, "This is an evil death! The Jews say there is no defence against it." Rasulullah advised Asad to be cauterised. He was burned twice in the medial arm vein and twice on his throat, "and his neck was encircled with the cauterisation."
Asad died within days, at the beginning of Shawwal, i.e., in April 623.
Rasulullah attended his ritual washing and had him shrouded in three layer garments; Rasulullah walked in front of the bier and conducted the funeral prayers. Asad was said to be the first man buried at Al-Baqi'.Rasulullah considered Asad's death a grave misfortune. Rasulullah worried that the Jews and the hypocrites would say that Allah would not have allowed the friend of a true prophet to die, but "I have no power from Allah for myself or my friend."
Asad left his mother, three daughters, an aunt and some gold and pearl jewellery in the care of Rasulullah . Asad's womenfolk lived as Rasulullah 's dependants among his wives,and Rasulullah later arranged marriages for Asad's daughters.
 When  As'ad bin Zurarah RA died, the Banu Najjar said, "Our leader has died. Pick up for us another leader, O Messenger of Allah. "The Messenger of Allah 'alaihi wa sallam replied," I am your leader. "
Since Asad had not left any sons, the Najjar asked Rasulullah to appoint a new leader for their clan. Rasulullah replied, "You are my maternal uncles, and we belong together, so I will be your leader." The Najjar were pleased to have Rasulullah as their new chief.

Mocking of The Jews

When he got sick, the Jews said in a mocking tone, "If Muhammad was right, he would have gone astray." Hearing their words, Rasulullah said, "May Allah kill those Jews who say why I did not preventing his illness, but I have no power over it, even against myself. "

As'ad bin Zurarah RA belonged to the previous generation in Islam that Allah  declared in his holy book:

"The first ones who were first in Islam [among the Muhajirin and the Anshar] and those who followed them well, Allah was pleased with them and they were pleased with Allah and Allah provided for them the heavens which flow beneath the rivers, they abide therein for ever. That is a great victory. "

( 100)

The First to organize Juma'at Prayer.

As’ad bin Zurarah was the Sahaba that initiated the blessed Jumu’ah Day and Salaah in Madinah Munawwarah during the 12th Year of Prophethood.

As’ad (RA) observed that the Jews and Christians had a special day of the week in which they congregated; the Jews on Saturday and the Christians on Sunday. He suggested that Muslims should also observe a day of the week in which they congregate to remember Allah (SWT), offer Salaah and worship Him. As’ad (RA) proposed Friday as this special day; he chose the name Jumu’ah and led the Muslims in prayer. Previously, during the times of ignorance, this day was referred to as the day of Arubah. Allah (SWT) revealed a verse approving of this new name and blessed day.

O you who believe, when the call for Salah (prayer) is proclaimed on Friday, hasten for the remembrance of Allah, and leave off business. That is much better for you, if you but know.
(Qur’an 62:9)
The location  where the  frst Jummat Prayer organize by As'ad Ibn Zurarah RA in Madinah . 



Saidina Qais Ibn Sa'ad RA

{Illustration Only}

Saidina Qais RA bin Sa'ad bin Ubadah comes from the most generous Arab family of his noble descendants. Saidina Qais b Sa'ad RA. Son of Saad b Ubadah the famous companion.He belonged to the banu Khazraj.Saidina Qais RA was also known as Abul Fazal, Abu Abdullah ...
About his family, Rasulullah once said, "Generosity is the character of this family!"
Saidina Qais RA is a clever and smart man who shows his tricks, intelligence, and intelligence. Saidina Qais RA once said honestly about himself, "If it were not for Islam, I was able to make a trick that no Arab could match up!" Because, he was a very intelligent, resourceful, and energetic brain. At Shiffin War, Saidina Qais RA stood on Caliph Saidina Ali's side against Mu'awiyah RA. At that time Saidina Qais RA planned his own tricks that would probably destroy Mu'awiyah and his followers one day or sometime later. Only then, when Saidina Qais RA re-examined the trick that had squeezed his intelligence, he realized that it was a harmful evil trick. Saidina Qais RA remembered the word of God:

سْتِكْبَارًا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَمَكْرَ السَّيِّئِ ۚ وَلَا يَحِيقُ الْمَكْرُ السَّيِّئُ إِلَّا بِأَهْلِهِ ۚ فَهَلْ يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَّا سُنَّتَ الْأَوَّلِينَ ۚ فَلَنْ تَجِدَ لِسُنَّتِ اللَّهِ تَبْدِيلًا ۖ وَلَنْ تَجِدَ لِسُنَّتِ اللَّهِ تَحْوِيلًا

Because of their arrogance on the face of the earth and for the evil plan. The evil plan will not be over besides the person who plans it himself. They will not wait for the sunnah (the Day of Resurrection) to those who were before. You will never find a replacement for the sunnah of Allah, nor will it befall the deviation of Allah's sunnah.” QS: Faathir | Paragraph: 43

Saidina Qais RA immediately threw away his plan and asked for forgiveness to Allah. At the same time he said, "By Allah, if Mu'awiyah can defeat us later, his victory is not because of his intelligence, but because of our piety and taqwa." The Anshar youth who are part of the Khazraj tribe come from a large family leader, the noble qualities of a great leader to the great leader. Saidina Qais RA is the son of Sa'ad bin Ubadah, a Khazraj leader, whom we will meet his life story in the next.

When Sa'ad converted to Islam, he brought his son Qais and handed it to Rasulullah , saying, "This is your servant, O Rasulullah ." Rasulullah all the signs of virtue and characteristics of goodness in Qais. Therefore, he embraces and brings him closer to him, who furthermore becomes Saidina Qais RA who are always near him. Anas, Rasulullah said, "The position of Qais bin Sa'ad on the side of Rasulullah was like the position of guards on the side of the leader."

Before entering Islam, Qais treated people with all their ingenuity, and they were helpless against their cunning. There is no one in the city of Madinah and its surroundings that does not care about this calamity and they are very vigilant. After embracing Islam, Islam taught him to treat humans with honesty, not with cunning. Saidina Qais RA turns out to be one of the most devout youths of Islam and afterwards throws away his cunning and will not repeat his cunning actions in the past.

Whenever facing a difficult event and remembered his old practice, Saidina Qais RA immediately realized and then uttered the words that had been narrated to us, "If it were not for Islam, I would make a trick that the Arabs could not match." another character on him who is more prominent than his ingenuity other than philanthropy on him. Generous and generous is not a new character for Saidina Qais RA, as it comes from a generous family of well-known generous and generous.

Saidina Qais RA courage had been known in all the battlefields he performed with Rasulullah while he was still alive. And it remains to be known in the battles he had passed after his death. The courage that is always based on truth and honesty in lieu of fraud and cunning, in an open and forward way, not by spreading the issue from behind, nor by bad plots, which of course make the culprit must bear the pressing difficulties. Since Saidina Qais RA threw away his extraordinary ability in deciplating fluid and tongue-tongue, and he turned to the brave and open-minded man. Saidina Qais RA is satisfied with this new disposition, and is willing to bear the consequences and difficulties alternating with the willing heart.
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True courage emanates from the relief of one's own heart, not because of the impulses of lust and certain advantages, but because of sincerity and recognition of the truth. This is evident when there is a dispute between Caliph Saidina Ali RA  and Mu'awiyah, we see Saidina Qais RA prefer to isolate himself and keep trying to find the truth from the gaps of his stability. Finally, when Saidina Qais RA saw the truth was on Caliph Saidina Ali RA's side, he immediately got up and stood beside him bravely bravely, firm, and fought furiously.

On the battlefield Shiffin, Jamal, and Nahrawan,
Saidina Qais RA is one of the heroes who fought without fear of death. Saidina Qais RA was the one who brought the Ansar flag by shouting: This flag is the flag of unity ... Fighting with Rasulullah and Gabriel the bearer of assistance ... Will not be afraid if only Ansar raisers .. And no one else becomes his supporter ..

Saidina Qais RA was appointed by Ali as governor of Egypt. However, Mu’awiyah's eyes always targeted this region. He saw Egypt as the most precious diamond gem on a crown he coveted very much. Therefore, not long after Saidina Qais RA took office as an emir in the region, Mu'awiyah was worried that later Saidina Qais RA would become an obstacle to his dream of Egypt for all time, even if he won victory over Caliph Saidina Ali RA with a decisive victory.

Furthermore Mu'awiyah tried with deception and deception - which was not limited to just one form - to arouse Ali's anger at
Saidina Qais RA, until finally Ali called him from Egypt. On this occasion, Saidina Qais RA had a favorable opportunity to use his intelligence to develop a plan. With his intelligence, Saidina Qais RA knew that Mu'awiyah had a role in slandering him, after he failed to withdraw Saidina Qais RA to his side to antagonize Ali and use his leadership to help him.

To break the trick, Saidina Qais RA strengthened his support for Ali and the truth on his side. Ali was a leader who was then a place of loyal settlement and trust from Qais bin Sa'ad bin Ubadah. Thus, Saidina Qais RA did not feel the slightest feeling that Ali had fired him from Egypt. For Saidina Qais RA, there is no sense of power, no meaning in rank, leadership, and position. All this is for him to devote himself to defending his beliefs and religion. When the Egyptian amiress is a way to devote themselves to the truth, his attitude to defending Ali in the field is another way of no less significant and impressive.

Qais's courage reached its peak of honesty and maturity after Ali was martyred and Al-Hasan was charged.
Saidina Qais RA regarded Al-Hasan as a suitable figure according to the Shari'ah to become the Commander of the Faithful, so that Saidina Qais RA was engaged to him and stood beside Al-Hasan as a defender, irrespective of the dangers that would befall. When Mu'awiyah forced them to draw the sword,Saidina Qais RA is rose to lead five thousand soldiers with shaved heads as bare heads as a sign of mourning over Ali's death. However, Hasan finally succumbed and preferred to wound the wounded Muslims, by ordering to stop the war who had spent the life and wealth, then consult Mu'awiyah and then to Mu'awiyah.

Hadith Narrated by Saidina Qais Ibn Saad RA

Hadith No: 422
From: Sunan at-Tirmidhi (Jami-al-Tirmidhi). Chapter 2, Salah (Prayers)
Narrated/Authority of Muhammad ibn Ibrahim

from his grandfather, Sayyidina Qais that as Allah's Meessenger (SAW) came out, the iqamah of the (fajr) salah was called. So, he offered the prayer with him. Then, Rasulullah turned back and saw him offer salah. Rasulullah said, O Qais! Wait! will you pray two salah together? He said, "O Messenger of Allah! I had not offered the two rakaat (sunnah) of fajr." Rasulullah said, "Then there is no harm." [Ahmed 23821]

Hadith 260

Narrated/Authority of  Qais Ibn Saad

As narrated by Qais Ibn Saad RA, Rasulullah remind us the necessities to visit our neighbours and our friends, One day Rasulullah came to visits him. Rasulullah stayed in my house for sometime, prayed for me and only then left our house. Thus . Also Rasulullah visited Ansari family in their home, ate with them and at time performed solat with the family.