Thursday

Saidina Qais Ibn Sa'ad RA





{Illustration Only}

Saidina Qais RA bin Sa'ad bin Ubadah comes from the most generous Arab family of his noble descendants. Saidina Qais b Sa'ad RA. Son of Saad b Ubadah the famous companion.He belonged to the banu Khazraj.Saidina Qais RA was also known as Abul Fazal, Abu Abdullah ...
About his family, Rasulullah once said, "Generosity is the character of this family!"
Saidina Qais RA is a clever and smart man who shows his tricks, intelligence, and intelligence. Saidina Qais RA once said honestly about himself, "If it were not for Islam, I was able to make a trick that no Arab could match up!" Because, he was a very intelligent, resourceful, and energetic brain. At Shiffin War, Saidina Qais RA stood on Caliph Saidina Ali's side against Mu'awiyah RA. At that time Saidina Qais RA planned his own tricks that would probably destroy Mu'awiyah and his followers one day or sometime later. Only then, when Saidina Qais RA re-examined the trick that had squeezed his intelligence, he realized that it was a harmful evil trick. Saidina Qais RA remembered the word of God:

سْتِكْبَارًا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَمَكْرَ السَّيِّئِ ۚ وَلَا يَحِيقُ الْمَكْرُ السَّيِّئُ إِلَّا بِأَهْلِهِ ۚ فَهَلْ يَنْظُرُونَ إِلَّا سُنَّتَ الْأَوَّلِينَ ۚ فَلَنْ تَجِدَ لِسُنَّتِ اللَّهِ تَبْدِيلًا ۖ وَلَنْ تَجِدَ لِسُنَّتِ اللَّهِ تَحْوِيلًا

Because of their arrogance on the face of the earth and for the evil plan. The evil plan will not be over besides the person who plans it himself. They will not wait for the sunnah (the Day of Resurrection) to those who were before. You will never find a replacement for the sunnah of Allah, nor will it befall the deviation of Allah's sunnah.” QS: Faathir | Paragraph: 43



Saidina Qais RA immediately threw away his plan and asked for forgiveness to Allah. At the same time he said, "By Allah, if Mu'awiyah can defeat us later, his victory is not because of his intelligence, but because of our piety and taqwa." The Anshar youth who are part of the Khazraj tribe come from a large family leader, the noble qualities of a great leader to the great leader. Saidina Qais RA is the son of Sa'ad bin Ubadah, a Khazraj leader, whom we will meet his life story in the next.

When Sa'ad converted to Islam, he brought his son Qais and handed it to Rasulullah , saying, "This is your servant, O Rasulullah ." Rasulullah all the signs of virtue and characteristics of goodness in Qais. Therefore, he embraces and brings him closer to him, who furthermore becomes Saidina Qais RA who are always near him. Anas, Rasulullah said, "The position of Qais bin Sa'ad on the side of Rasulullah was like the position of guards on the side of the leader."


Before entering Islam, Qais treated people with all their ingenuity, and they were helpless against their cunning. There is no one in the city of Madinah and its surroundings that does not care about this calamity and they are very vigilant. After embracing Islam, Islam taught him to treat humans with honesty, not with cunning. Saidina Qais RA turns out to be one of the most devout youths of Islam and afterwards throws away his cunning and will not repeat his cunning actions in the past.



Whenever facing a difficult event and remembered his old practice, Saidina Qais RA immediately realized and then uttered the words that had been narrated to us, "If it were not for Islam, I would make a trick that the Arabs could not match." another character on him who is more prominent than his ingenuity other than philanthropy on him. Generous and generous is not a new character for Saidina Qais RA, as it comes from a generous family of well-known generous and generous.

Saidina Qais RA courage had been known in all the battlefields he performed with Rasulullah while he was still alive. And it remains to be known in the battles he had passed after his death. The courage that is always based on truth and honesty in lieu of fraud and cunning, in an open and forward way, not by spreading the issue from behind, nor by bad plots, which of course make the culprit must bear the pressing difficulties. Since Saidina Qais RA threw away his extraordinary ability in deciplating fluid and tongue-tongue, and he turned to the brave and open-minded man. Saidina Qais RA is satisfied with this new disposition, and is willing to bear the consequences and difficulties alternating with the willing heart.
 
{Illustration Only}


True courage emanates from the relief of one's own heart, not because of the impulses of lust and certain advantages, but because of sincerity and recognition of the truth. This is evident when there is a dispute between Caliph Saidina Ali RA  and Mu'awiyah, we see Saidina Qais RA prefer to isolate himself and keep trying to find the truth from the gaps of his stability. Finally, when Saidina Qais RA saw the truth was on Caliph Saidina Ali RA's side, he immediately got up and stood beside him bravely bravely, firm, and fought furiously.

On the battlefield Shiffin, Jamal, and Nahrawan,
Saidina Qais RA is one of the heroes who fought without fear of death. Saidina Qais RA was the one who brought the Ansar flag by shouting: This flag is the flag of unity ... Fighting with Rasulullah and Gabriel the bearer of assistance ... Will not be afraid if only Ansar raisers .. And no one else becomes his supporter ..

Saidina Qais RA was appointed by Ali as governor of Egypt. However, Mu’awiyah's eyes always targeted this region. He saw Egypt as the most precious diamond gem on a crown he coveted very much. Therefore, not long after Saidina Qais RA took office as an emir in the region, Mu'awiyah was worried that later Saidina Qais RA would become an obstacle to his dream of Egypt for all time, even if he won victory over Caliph Saidina Ali RA with a decisive victory.

Furthermore Mu'awiyah tried with deception and deception - which was not limited to just one form - to arouse Ali's anger at
Saidina Qais RA, until finally Ali called him from Egypt. On this occasion, Saidina Qais RA had a favorable opportunity to use his intelligence to develop a plan. With his intelligence, Saidina Qais RA knew that Mu'awiyah had a role in slandering him, after he failed to withdraw Saidina Qais RA to his side to antagonize Ali and use his leadership to help him.
 

To break the trick, Saidina Qais RA strengthened his support for Ali and the truth on his side. Ali was a leader who was then a place of loyal settlement and trust from Qais bin Sa'ad bin Ubadah. Thus, Saidina Qais RA did not feel the slightest feeling that Ali had fired him from Egypt. For Saidina Qais RA, there is no sense of power, no meaning in rank, leadership, and position. All this is for him to devote himself to defending his beliefs and religion. When the Egyptian amiress is a way to devote themselves to the truth, his attitude to defending Ali in the field is another way of no less significant and impressive.

Qais's courage reached its peak of honesty and maturity after Ali was martyred and Al-Hasan was charged.
Saidina Qais RA regarded Al-Hasan as a suitable figure according to the Shari'ah to become the Commander of the Faithful, so that Saidina Qais RA was engaged to him and stood beside Al-Hasan as a defender, irrespective of the dangers that would befall. When Mu'awiyah forced them to draw the sword,Saidina Qais RA is rose to lead five thousand soldiers with shaved heads as bare heads as a sign of mourning over Ali's death. However, Hasan finally succumbed and preferred to wound the wounded Muslims, by ordering to stop the war who had spent the life and wealth, then consult Mu'awiyah and then to Mu'awiyah.
 





Hadith Narrated by Saidina Qais Ibn Saad RA

Hadith No: 422
From: Sunan at-Tirmidhi (Jami-al-Tirmidhi). Chapter 2, Salah (Prayers)
Narrated/Authority of Muhammad ibn Ibrahim

from his grandfather, Sayyidina Qais that as Allah's Meessenger (SAW) came out, the iqamah of the (fajr) salah was called. So, he offered the prayer with him. Then, Rasulullah turned back and saw him offer salah. Rasulullah said, O Qais! Wait! will you pray two salah together? He said, "O Messenger of Allah! I had not offered the two rakaat (sunnah) of fajr." Rasulullah said, "Then there is no harm." [Ahmed 23821]

Hadith 260


Narrated/Authority of  Qais Ibn Saad

As narrated by Qais Ibn Saad RA, Rasulullah remind us the necessities to visit our neighbours and our friends, One day Rasulullah came to visits him. Rasulullah stayed in my house for sometime, prayed for me and only then left our house. Thus . Also Rasulullah visited Ansari family in their home, ate with them and at time performed solat with the family.

Friday

Saidina Rafi Bin Khadij RA

Rafi bin Khadij RA. He was only 15 years old at that time. The Muslims are preparing to prepare all their equipment and strength against the war of uhud. One of the most historic wars in the struggle of Muslims. Not only enthusiastic adult men. Young teens do not want to be left behind. They rush to take part in the Islamic struggle. When the Muslim forces went to the Battle of Uhud, Rasulullah was surprised to see several children in the army. Rasulullah then persuaded them to go home. Among them only Rafi bin Khadij RA who did not want to go home. One is Rafi bin Khadij RA.


Rafi bin Khudij RA ran to meet his father, Khudaij, who was in the ranks of Muslim troops. Rafi bin Khudij RA asked his father to meet Rasulullah . The father of Khadij met Rasulullah and begged his beloved son to be allowed to compete in the battlefield. Khadij conveyed Rafi's ability to play archery and spear. When meeting the Messenger of Allah, Rafi stood on tiptoe, he did it to look higher. Rasulullah observed closely Rafi's ability, before finally allowing him.

"Yes, the Messenger of Allah, Rafi bin Khadij RA is good at archery." "Let Rafi bin Khudij RA take part in jihad." "Hopefully that intelligence can increase the strength of our troops," persuaded Khudaij. "Try, you show your intelligence in the archery," told the Prophet SAW in Rafi bin Khudij. Then Rafi bin Khudij RA also demonstrated his archery in front of Rasulullah and his companions. The arrows darted fast and precisely about the target. Rasulullah and his companions were amazed to see him.
In the Battle of Badr, Rafi bin Khadij RA had asked permission to follow, but Rasulullah strictly forbade him. Rafi bin Khudij RA met Rasulullah to be permitted to take part in jihad, but he objected to Rafi bin Khudij RA still very young. However, this time the Prophet allowed Rafi bin Khudij RA to take part in jihad. Seeing Rafi bin Khudij RA was allowed to go on a jihad, another child named Samurah bin Jundub RA , immediately took his stepfather, Muray bin Sinam RA met Rasulullah to convey his desire to take on the jihad as well. Rasulullah summoned Samurah bin Jundub RA, "O Samurah bin Jundub if you can defeat Rafi, I let you follow the jihad."

Samurah bin Jundub's body is bigger than Rafi bin Khudij RA,. Rasulullah then told them to wrestle. Samurah bin Jundub and Rafi bin Khudaij attack and drop each other. The tiny Rafi bin Khudaij RA unable to balance the power of Samurah bin Jundub RA. Many times, Rafi bin Khudij RA dropped Samurah. After seeing the power of Samurah bin Jundub RA, then the Prophet permitted Samurah bin Jundub RA to take part in jihad.

In the Uhud War, the Muslims suffered defeat. The defeat was due to the disobedience of some Muslim archers to the command of Rasulullah . Meanwhile, Rafi bin Khadij RA and Samurah bin Jundub RA were seriously injured. Rafi bin Khudij's chest was hit by arrows. In the Uhud war Rafi bin Khadij RA was hit with arrows in the chest, at the bottom of the armpit. The blood poured from his wounds, while resisting the pain he came to the Messenger of Allah and said, "O Messenger of Allah, please remove this arrow."
Rafi hoped that with the help of the Messenger of Allah the wound would quickly improve and he could continue to fight. Apparently Rasulullah gave an unusual choice. Rasulullah said, "O! Rafi, I can pull this arrow with its arrows and you will get well soon. But if you want, I will pull out this arrow and leave the arrows on your body, and I will testify on the Day of Judgment that you are martyred. "Rafi chose to keep the arrows on his body. Thus, he passed away to his Lord at the time of Caliph Muawiyah RA



Hadith Narrated by Rafi bin Khadij RA.

Hadith No: 534 Narrated/Authority of Rafi bin Khadij
Listed in: Times of the Prayers
We used to offer the Maghrib prayer with the Prophet and after finishing the prayer one of us may go away and could still see as Par as the spots where one's arrow might reach when shot by a bow.
Hadith No: 525 Narrated/Authority of Rafi bin Khadij
Listed in: Cultivation and Agriculture
We worked on farms more than anybody else in Medina. We used to rent the land at the yield of specific delimited portion of it to be given to the landlord. Sometimes the vegetation of that portion was affected by blights etc., while the rest remained safe and vice versa, so the Prophet (SAW) forbade this practice. At that time gold or silver were not used (for renting the land).
Hadith No: 537 Narrated/Authority of Rafi bin Khadij
Listed in: Cultivation and Agriculture
My uncle Zuhair said, "Allah's Apostle (SAW) forbade us to do a thing which was a source of help to us." I said, "Whatever Allah's Apostle (SAW) said was right." He said, "Allah's Apostle (SAW) sent for me and asked, 'What are you doing with your farms?' I replied, 'We give our farms on rent on the basis that we get the yield produced at the banks of the water streams (rivers) for the rent, or rent it for some Wasqs of barley and dates.' Allah's Apostle (SAW) said, 'Do not do so, but cultivate (the land) yourselves or let it be cultivated by others gratis, or keep it uncultivated.' I said, 'We hear and obey.'
Hadith No: 675 Narrated/Authority of Rafi bin Khadij
Listed in: Partnerships
We used to offer the Asr prayer with the Prophet (SAW) and slaughter a camel, the meat of which would be divided in ten parts. We would eat the cooked meat before sunset.
Hadith No: 898 Narrated/Authority of Rafi bin Khadij
Listed in: Conditions
We used to work on the fields more than the other Ansar, and we used to rent the land (for the yield of a specific portion of it). But sometimes that portion or the rest of the land did not give any yield, so we were forbidden (by the Prophet (SAW) ) to follow such a system, but we were allowed to rent the land for money.

Saturday

Abu Mihjan Al Tsaqafi RA

Abu Mihjan Ats-Tsaqafi RA RA.The Story of Courage from the Battle of Qadisiyyah.

 
Abu Mihjan RA belonged to the Tsaqafi clan. He was a cousin of Abu Ubaid RA who had commanded the Muslim forces in Iraq and was martyred at the battle of the Bridge.
The home town of Abu Mihjan RA was Taif. When the Muslims under Rasulullah besieged Taif after the fall of Makkah, Abu Mihjan RA fought against the Muslims. His arrow mortally wounded Abdullah son of Saidina Abu Bakr As Siddiq RA.
Later when the Tsaqafi submitted to Rasulullah and accepted Islam, Abu Mihjan RA also became a Muslim. He was staunch in his faith in Islam, but he had weakness for liquor, and sometimes secretly drank wine. 




 
At the battle of the Bridge, Abu Mihjan was the commander of the cavalry. He drove back the elephant which had crushed Abu Ubaid to death. After the disaster of the battle of the bridge, Abu Mihjan stayed on with Muthanna at Ulleis for some time. Then he returned to Madina.
At Madina, Khalifah SaidinaUmar Ibn Al Khatab RA caught Abu Mihjan RA drinking and as a punishment he was exiled to Yemen. Later he was forgiven and was allowed to join the Muslim forces in Iraq under Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqass RA. In camp, Abu Mihjan RA drank again, and on discovering his offense Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas RA had him whipped and thrown into a cellar in fetters. His cell was in the palace at Al Udzaib in Qadisiyyah where Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas RA was lodged and from where he commanded the war operations.

This war occurred during the time of Khalifah 'Umar bin Al-Khathab RA with the commander he sent to land 'Iraq at that time was Saidina Saad bin Malik Abi Waqqas RA . Many stories of companions in the war, a story full of blood and tears, and during the battle of Qadisiyyah the commander Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas RA who was exposed to a kind of boil-like boil that infected him all over his body that made him unable to go down to the battlefield and he decided to command from Al -'Udzaib, a place which is a spring near the Qadisiyyah, where he built a base to monitor the forces of the Muslims.

The Battle of Qadasiyyah, the war that became one of the unbreakable spears of Islam that finally settled on the Persian land, thanks to the tireless jihad of the Arab lions - with the permission of Allah The Almighty which succeeded in conquering the infamous kingdom of the famous Persian might and very difficult to conquer even by the Romans Empire. King Yazdagird escaped, some of the Persian warlords like Rustum and Jalinus were killed in the hands of the Muslim forces and Yazdagird's daughters to be prisoners of the Muslims. One of his daughters was liberated and married by the grandson of the Rasulullah ﷺ , Saidina Husain bin' Ali RA.

 
One of the most memorable stories of the war, is the story of Abu Mihjan Ats-Tsaqafiy RA. A story that marks the courage of a friend who is not afraid of breaking the ranks of the enemy in order to fulfill the call of jihad from Allah Ta'ala

Abu Mihjan Ats-Tsaqafiy RA

His name is disputed, Al-Haafizh rahimahullah in Al-Ishaabah saying his name is 'Amr bin Habiib bin' Amr bin 'Umair bin' Auf bin 'Uqdah bin Tsaqiif, his name is his kunyyah while his other kunyyah is Abu' Ubaid, is Malik, and is said to be the 'Abdullaah, but he is best known for his kunyita, Abu Mihjan. Al-Imam Abu Ahmad Al-Haakim rahimahullah said that he is a companion.

Abu Mihjan RA is a poet and likes to drink khamr, this is what makes him repeatedly punished, and his favorite is what troubles his companions when they are gathering strength in the face of the Qadisiyyah war. However, his blood is always turbulent when it is needed to defend this noble Allah's religion. Narrated that Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas RA as the commander of Qadisiyyah met Abu Mihjan RA in the middle of being drunk, then Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas RA ordered to tie him. At the end of the story, Abu Mihjan RA eventually repented not to drink khamr forever

The full story is recorded by Al-Imam Abu Bakr ibn Abi Syaibah rahimahullah in his Mushannaf, with sanad and narrators:

Narrated Abu Hurayrah, from 'Amr bin Muhaajir, from Ibraahiim bin Muhammad bin Sa'd, from his father, he said:

"One day Saidina Saad bin Abi Waqqas RA was approached by Abu Mihjan on the day of the war of Qadisiyyah while Abu Mihjan was drunk for drinking khamr. So Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqass RA ordered his subordinates to bind Abu Mihjan RA. "Muhammad bin Sa'd continued," At that time Saidina Saad's body had a rashes (because it was ill) and he did not come out with the army on that day. So Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqass RA subordinates raised him to Al-'Udzaib to monitor the forces of the Muslims, Saidina Saad ibn Abi Waqass RA also assigned Khalid bin 'Urfuthah RA to lead the troop.
From his cellar, Abu Mihjan Ra saw the battle waging in great fury. Abu Mihjan RA was a born soldier, and when the other Muslims were locked up in life and death struggle, he pined to be free to wield the sword against the enemy. He approached Saad Ibn Abi Waqas RA, and asked for permission to fight. Saad's rebuked him and ordered him back to his cellar. 

 
When the forces of the Muslims confronted the enemy, Abu Mihjan RA also wrote:

Suffice it because of the fall of the horse by the spear

While I was releasing myself which was bound strongly by the shackles.
Returning to his cellar, Abu Mihjan met Salma the new wife of Saad. He wanted her to help him, but Salma was not inclined to interfere.
Back in his cellar, Abu Mihjan burst into pathetic verses:
"It is sufficient sorrow when you see a cavalier,
Deprived, abandoned and bound in shackles,
While I stand these fetters detain me,
While others are fighting.
I was once a man with wealth and kinsmen,
But I am now left entirely alone.
By Allah, I give the pledge,
If freed, I will never drink again."
Salma heard the song and was moved. She wanted to know what she could do for him.

Abu Mihjan said to Salma Bintu Khashafah RA, Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqass RA wife
“Release this shackle and I promise you, if Allah saves me in this war, I will come back here until I put these two legs into bonds. But if I'm killed, then you will be free from me. Saidina Saad's wife then released Abu Mihjan RA just in the middle of the ragging battle and both troops met.

Without thinking, Abu Mihjan RA immediately jumped on a horse of Saad's named Al-Balqaa 'and grabbed a nearby spear, then he went out to the battlefield, so it was not Abu Mihjan RA attacking from the direction of the enemy unless he would destroy the ranks them. The Muslims who saw Abu Mihjan on the horse said, "The man is like an angel!"

Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqass RA finally saw the brave figure dividing the wing of the enemy forces, he was amazed and wondered, "The leap of the war is like Al-Balqaa leap, and the rider's tires are similar to Abu Mihjan! but not Abu Mihjan! He's being bound "

When Abu Mihjan RA finished destroying the ranks of the enemy, he returned to the custody and then put his legs back into the bound. Seeing this, Salma Bintu Khashafah RA immediately told Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqass RA about the matter of Abu Mihjan (who fulfilled his promise to return to detention). Saidina Saad said, "By Allah, as from today I will not whack a man whom Allah has tested the Muslims on his hands on all things which have caused them trouble," and Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqass RA liberated Abu Mihjan RA.

Al-Mihjan RA pledged, "Really, I've been drinking the khamr which, because of my custom, this is the punishment for me, then I'm cleaning myself up from it. And now Saidina Saad Ibn Waqass RA approve of me (free from punishment), then by Allah, I will not drink khamr again forever! "

[Al-Mushannaf 11/520, no. 34309]

Takhrij and Degrees Story

The narrators of Ibn Abi Syaibah are the people of tsiqah.

Abu Mu'aawiyah is Muhammad bin Khaazim Adh-Dhariir Al-Kuufiy. Reciter Ash-Shahiihain. Al-Haafizh in At-Taqriib no. 5841 says, "Tsiqah, the most haphazarded hadith of Al-A'masy, sometimes experiences waham on the hadith otherwise. The accused understood the word '. "

'Amr bin Muhaajir bin Abu Muslim Al-Anshaariy, Abu' Ubaidah Ad-Dimasyqiy. One who is tsiqah. See At-Taqriib no. 5120.

Ibraahiim bin Muhammad bin Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaash Al-Madaniy, tsumma Al-Kuufiy. Al-Haafizh in At-Taqriib no. 233 says, "Tsiqah, Ibn Hibbaan said: did not hear from his companions."

His father, Muhammad bin Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaash Az-Zuhriy, Abul Qaasim Al-Madaniy. Tsiqah, was killed by Al-Hajjaaj bin Yuusuf after 80 AH. See At-Taqriib no. 5904. Ibn Sa'd in his Thabaqat mentions that he has hadiths which are small.

So sanad Ibn Abi Syaibah was zhahirnya hasan to Muhammad bin Sa'd but he did not declare tahdits (haddatsanaa or akhbaranaa) from his father Sa'd or from the witnesses of the war of Qaadisiyyah, but he ma'ruf narrated from Sa'd and he did not known as a historian who often disperses history, so it is possible that he hears this story from his own father. However, Muhammad bin Sa'd was not a witness of the Qaadisiyyah war so he had to express the tahdits of his father or of the war witnesses. Wallaahu a'lam.



Also narrated by Al-Imam Sa'iid bin Manshuur rahimahullah in his Sunan no. 2502 with a chain like Ibn Abi Shaykh.

Narrated by Al-Imam 'Abdurrazzaaq Ash-Shan'aaniy rahimahullah in Al-Mushannaf no. 17077, with sanad:

عن معمر, عن أيوب, عن ابن سيرين, قال: "كان أبو محجن لا يزال يجلد في الخمر ... إلخ

From Ma'mar, from Ayyubub, from Ibn Siiriin, he said, "Abu Mihjan used to be subjected to punishment for the abusive practice of drinking khamr ... and so on"

Al-Haafizh in Al-Ishaabah 7/300 said:

وأخرج عبد الرزاق بسند صحيح عن بن سيرين

"Issued by 'Abdirrazzaaq with the true sanad of Ibn Siiriin."

The appearance of the word Al-Haafizh is the sanadnya shahih to Ibn Siiriin rahimahullah and it is munqathi 'because Ibn Siiriin did not find the battle of Qaadisiyyah, nor found Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaash.

Narrated by Al-Imam Abu Bakr Ad-Diinawariy in Al-Mujaalasah no. 1014:

حدثنا عبد الله بن مسلم بن قتيبة, نا إسماعيل بن محمد, عن الأصمعي, عن ابن عون, عن عمير بن إسحاق; قال: كان سعد بن أبي وقاص رحمه الله "يوم القادسية على ظهر بيت وهو شاك من خراج ... إلخ

Al-Ashma'iy, from Ibn 'Aun, from' Umair bin Ishaaq, said: "In the days of Qaadisiyyah war, Sa 'd bin Abi Waqqaash rahimahullah was behind his tent, he was ill abscess ... and so on. "

'Umair bin Ishaaq, Abu Muhammad Al-Qurasyiy. Maulaa the Haasim, Abu Haatim and An-Nasaa'iy mentions that nothing is narrated except Ibn'Aun. Ibn Ma'iin in a narrative says "his hadith does not equal the traditions of the narrators, but he is written", in another narration he said "tsiqah", An-Nasaa'iy said "there is nothing wrong with him", Ibn Hibbaan mentions it in Ats-Tsiqaat. See his biography in Tahdziibul Kamaal no. 4512 and Miizaanul I'tidaal 5/355.

And there is disconnection in this sanad because 'Umair is unknown to have narration from Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaash or from the witnesses of the war of Qaadisiyyah.

Narrated by Al-Imam Ibnu Qudaamah rahimahullah in At-Tawwaabiin أبو طاهر محمد بن عبد الرحمن المخلص أنا أبو بكر أحمد بن عبد الله بن سيف أنا أبو عبيدة السري بن يحيى أنا شعيب بن إبراهيم قال: أنبأ سيف بن عمر التميمي عن محمد وطلحة وابن مخراق وزياد قالوا: لما اشتد القتال بالسواد - يعني في القادسية - وكان أبو محجن قد حبس وقيد فهو في القصر فأتى سلمى بنت حفصة امرأة سعد فقال: يا بنت آل حفصة! هل لك إلى خير? ... إلخ

:
It has been narrated to us an expert of knowledge and literary writers, Abul 'Izz Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Mawaahib bin Al-Khurasaaniy, he said, has told us Abu Ghaalib Muhammad bin' Abdil Waahid Al-Qazzaaz, has told us Abul Hasan ' Aliy bin 'Umar Al-Barmakiy and Abul Husain bin An-Naqquur, both of whom have reported to us Abu Thaahir Muhammad bin' Abdirrahman Al-Mukhlash, has reported to us Abu Bakr Ahmad bin 'Abdillaah bin Saif, 'Ubaidah As-Sariy bin Yahyaa, has reported to us Syu'aib bin Ibraahiim, he said, has told Saif bin' Umar At-Tamiimiy, from Muhammad, Thalhah, Ibn Mikhraaq and Ziyaad, they say:

"When warfare involving a large number of Muslims was fierce - in the battle of Al-Qaadisiyyah- Abu Mihjan was being held and tied up in a fortress. Salmaa bint Hafshah -istri Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaash- and Abu Mihjan said to him, "O daughter of Hafsah's family! Is there any kindness to you? ... (and so on). "

It is very weak because of Saif bin 'Umar At-Tamiimiy, he agreed on his weakness and many ulama wa ta'dil who claim that he is a liar. See his biography in Tahdziibul Kamaal no. 2676.

Al-Khulaashah

What appeared to us, the chain of narrative about the story of Abu Mihjan is a sanad-sanad that ends only on tabi'in or people after them, and the most powerful sanad is the true sanad of Abdurrazzaaq to Muhammad bin Siiriin, as the word Al-Haafizh has passed.

Shaykh Masyhuur bin Hasan aalu Salmaan hafizhahullah in his tahqiq against the book Al-Mujaalasah 3/382, mentions that there are some nakarah (things that are denied) seen in this story, some of which we will briefly mention:

1. The Sa'd Decision which excludes the abolition of Abu Mihjan although at other times he returns to the habit of drinking khamr. Such a decision is not the decision of the Shari'ah-justified ruler even though Abu Mihjan has been rewarded in the war of Qaadisiyyah, it still can not be free from the binding laws of binding 'if it returns to its old habits.

2. Punishment for khamr drinkers is not confined or detained in prison, but is whipped or abused as it has been such an ordinance in the hadiths of the Prophet of Allah Shallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam, as narrated by Al-Imam At-Tirmidziy rahimahullah following, from Anas bin Maalik radhiyallaahu 'anhu:
عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: "أنه أتي برجل قد شرب الخمر, فضربه بجريدتين نحو الأربعين

"From the Rasulullah that he was approached by a man who had been drinking khamr, then he chased him with two palm fronds of 40 times." [Jaami' At-Tirmidziy no. 1443]

The idea of this story is the reason for the abandonment of Abu Mihjan RA. One narrations suggest that Abu Mihjan RA disobeyed Saad Ibn Waqqas RA when he was separated from Khaalid bin 'Urfuthah RA, another narrations mention that Abu Jahraa' influenced Khalifah Umar Ibn Al Khatab RA to confine Abu Mihjan RA when he escaped from Saidina Umar Ibn Al Khatab RA (because SaidinaUmar Ibn Al Khatab RA would punish him) 'Saidina Umar Ibn Al Khatab RA wrote to Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas RA to retain Abu Mihjan RA, another narrating mention that' Saidina Umar Ibn Al Khatab RA confiscated Abu Mihjan RA because he compiled the poems of the poem about khamr, another narrations mention that Abu Mihjan RA put a heart to a woman-a wife of a the Anshar men, the woman's name is Syu'aib - then she compiled a poem for the woman so her husband did not like her and she reported it to Saidina Umar Ibn Al Khatab RA to get rid of Abu Mihjan; allegedly because it is because Abu Jahraa 'influenced' Saidina Umar Ibn Al Khatab RA to confine Abu Mihjan, the last mentioning that Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas did not confine Abu Mihjan but ordered him to leave.



These are some of the narrations of the story of Abu Mihjan, though it is a famous story and has been quoted in the books of adab and dates such as Taariikh Ath-Thabariy 3/575; Al-Bidaayah wa An-Nihaayah 7/45; Futuuh Al-Buldaan 2/316; Thabaqaat Asy-Syu'araa 'p. 268, and others. We also do not want this story but only the story of Abu Mihjan's courage to be an example and he always favors the defense of Allah's religion under any circumstances what is right for us today, especially when religious dignitaries are boldly blatant against Allah and His Messenger.

Wallaahu a'lam.

 
Credits to: Ash-Shaykh Abu 'Ubaidah Masyhuur bin Hasan aalu Salmaan on his ta'liiq in the book Al-Mujaalasatu wa Jawaahir Al-'Ilm by Al-Imam Abu Bakr Ad-Diinawariy Al-Maalikiy, Daar Ibn Hazm.

 

Wednesday

Lubabah Bint Al Harith RA

Lubabah bint al-Harith RA(Arabic: لبابة بنت الحارث) (c.593–655), also known as Umm Fadl, was a prominent early Muslim. Two of her sisters, Maimunah bint al-Harith RA and Zaynab bint Khuzayma RA, became wives of Rasulullah .
Lubabah bint al-Harith RA was a member of the Hilal tribe, a branch of the Banu 'Amir who were prominent in . (Makkah tribe was distinct from the Quraysh.)


Her father was Al-Harith ibn Hazan ibn Jubayr ibn Al-Hazm ibn Rubiya ibn Abdullah ibn Hilal ibn Amer ibn Saasaa Al-Hilali and her mother was Hind bint Awf ibn Zuhayr ibn Al-Harith. Lubabah bint al-Harith RA had two brothers and a sister from this marriage, and her father also had three daughters by another wife, while her mother had one son by a former husband. Al-Harith died while Lubabah bint al-Harith RA was still a child, and Hind then married Khuzayma ibn Al-Harith Al-Hilali. This marriage produced one daughter but was short-lived, and Hind next married Umays ibn Ma'ad Al-Khathmi, by whom she had three further children.

Lubabah bint al-Harith RA married Saidina Abbas ibn Abd-al-Muttalib RA al-Hashimi, who was an uncle of Rasulullah . Tabari states that Lubabah bint al-Harith RA was only Abbas's concubine, but this suggestion that she was a slave is at odds with her family's middle-class status. The union produced seven children: Al-Fadl, Abdullah, Ubaydullah, Quthum, Mabad, Abdur-Rahman and Umm Habib. Abbas also had five children by other women.

Lubabah bint al-Harith RA claimed to be the second woman to convert to Islam, the same day as her close friend Saidatuna Khadijah RA. She and her sisters were very prominent in the early Muslim community. Rasulullah commented on their family effort: "The faithful sisters are Asma RA and Salma RA, daughters of Umays, and Lubabah bint al-Harith RA and Maymunah bint Al Harith RA, daughters of Al-Harith." It is interesting that his observation did not encompass their half-sister, Zaynab bint Khuzayma RA, who was later to become his own wife.

Saidina Abbas ibn Abd-al-Muttalib RA was still a pagan in 622, so he and Lubabah bint al-Harith RA remained in Makkah when other Muslims emigrated to Madinah.


Lubabah bint al-Harith RA against Abu Lahab.

When the news of the Makkan defeated at the Battle of Badr arrived in Makkah in 624, there was general consternation; but Abbas's Muslim freedman, Abu Rafi RA, could not contain his joy. Abbas's brother Abu Lahab was so furious that he assaulted Abu Rafi RA, knocking him to the ground and then kneeling on top of him to continue beating him. Several able-bodied men witnessed or were in calling distance of this attack, but it was Lubabah bint al-Harith RA who grabbed a tent-pole and cracked it across Abu Lahab’s head, asking, “Do you think it’s all right to attack him because Abbas is absent?” Abu Lahab's head was split open, exposing his skull; When he died a week later, it was said to be of an infection, ulcer, or the plague.

Attention from Ka'b ibn al-Ashraf (the Jew)

A few months later, Lubabah bint al-Harith RA was the subject of a love-song by the Jewish poet Ka'b ibn al-Ashraf.
Are you off without stopping in the valley
and leaving Umm Fadl in Mecca?
Out would come what she bought from the pedlar,
her bottles, henna and hair-dye.
What lies between elbow and ankle is in motion
when she tries to stand up and does not.
Like Umm Hakim when she was with us,
the bond between us strong and unbreakable.
She is the one Amirite who bewitches my heart,
and if she wished, she could cure my sickness.
The glory of women and of a people is their father,
a people held in honour, true to their oath.
Never did I see the sun rise at night till I saw her
display herself to us in the darkness of the night!
The song is almost certainly sarcastic, as the Amir tribe were Ka'b's traditional enemies and, in his perception, the reverse of "honourable" or "trustworthy". The reference to pedlar's products in the third and fourth lines, and to wobbling flesh in the fifth and sixth, presumably indicates that Lubabah bint al-Harith RA was plump, painted and middle-aged (although she was probably under thirty). Muslim outrage over this song was one factor that led Rasulullah to call for Ka'b's assassination

Yet another version of Saidatuna Lubabah bint al-Harith RA

Her full name was Lubaabah bint al-Haarith al-Hilaaliyyah RA. She was the wife of 'Abbas ibn 'Abdul-Muttalib RA, Rasulullah paternal uncle and the Mother of 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas RA the great Companion and Commentator of the Qur’an. She was also the sister of Maimunah bint Al Harith, the mother of the faithful and the wife of Rasulullah . According to Ibn Sa’d, she was also one of the first women to embrace Islam after Saidatuna Khadijah RA. Both Umm al-Fadhl and Maimunah RA had two other stepsisters, namely Asmaa' and Salamah who were the daughters of Umays. It was these four sisters that Rasulullah described as, “The believing sisters!” What a praise, and what a truly great one!


Umm al-Fadhl performed many duties and chores for the noble household of Rasulullah which behind the scenes helped and contributed greatly to the call of Islam. This was because Umm al-Fadhl was a regular visitor of Saidatuna Khadijah RA (may Allah be pleased with her) and hence often also met Rasulullah . In this way it was more easier for her to acquire knowledge of her new faith from Rasulullah .



Ibn 'Abbas's worker witnessed mistreatment towards Rasulullah by Abu Jahl. As his uncle, he became enraged and rushed to defend him even though he was not a Muslim at that time. Perhaps it was his love for tribalism that spurred him to act as he did. When this incident was taking place he had a quick decision to make: either to preserve his high status among the Quraysh or stand in support of his nephew and defend his blood-tie with him.

Amid all this, Umm al-Fadhl was expecting the decision of Allah concerning ‘Abbas’s acceptance of Islam. She eagerly wished that her beloved would see the light soon, before it was too late. She was also hoping that he would stop indulging in people’s wealth unlawfully, for he was of those who dealt in usury. In fact, he was well known for this, just as he was well known for his love of money.
Umm al-Fadhl was amazed and jubilant on the day Saidina Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) witnessed the allegiance of 'Aqabah and played an active role in it. In fact, he also acted as a guardian for his nephew Muhammad (peace be upon him)- Rasulullah . But when she saw her husband go out with the Quraysh in order to fight the Muslims in the battle of Badr, her pain and worry knew no bounds. "Why was he doing this?", "Why didn't he come out openly and proclaim his faith?", she wondered. Her worry only deepened and intensified when she saw her husband being taken as a captive after the Muslims had been helped by Allah and were victorious on that day. Yet, Rasulullah generosity was such that he released his uncle.

It was at this point in time that the light of iman (faith) began to creep into the heart of of ' ibn 'Abdul-Muttalib as the darkness of arrogance began to drift away. All praise is due to Allah alone! The Battle of Badr infact turned out to be an even greater victory because Rasulullah
dear uncle accepted Islam. What a blessed household! None remained among them who disbelieved in the message of the Final Messenger, in-fact they became his ardent supporters. Umm Fadhl had always wanted ‘Abbas to acceptance Islam and now Allah Almighty had given her her hearts desire and the greatest gift for a Muslim Wife.

Umm al-Fadhl was so generous that she made her home a place of refuge for the weak and poor who could not afford to migrate and join the Muslims. This was because she knew that these needy Muslims were still at war with the enemies of Allah and that even though they had been denied the opportunity of confronting the enemy physically, they were fighting a war of perseverance in Makkah against the hostile Quraysh.

Among the greatest days of joy for Umm al-Fadhl and ‘Abbas was when they heard of the victory of Khaibar. This was because on that day Allah gave victory to His Messenger - Rasulullah over the Jews and the Muslims rightfully won Khaibar's booties and treasures. But it happened to be so that Umm al-Fadhl and 'Abbas did not find out about Khaibar's conquest until later on.  

 
This is how the incident unfolded:

Hajjaaj ibn ‘Allat as-Sullami sought Rasulullah
ﷺ’s permission to go to Makkah and recover his money and debts which were owed to him. Rasulullah permitted him to go and also permitted him to say whatever he needed to as a strategic method by which Hajjaaj could retrieve his wealth from the Quraysh. Hajjaaj went to Makkah and began to spread the news that the Jews had killed Rasulullah and that the Muslims had been defeated. He also told them that Muslims had been killed in great numbers and their women had been taken as captives by the Jews and the Quraysh actually believed him! In this way he retrieved all of his wealth and debts owed to him and he headed back to Rasulullah in Madinah.

Abbas ibn ‘Abdul-Muttalib, who was present in Makkah at that time, approached Hajjaaj and asked him about the reality of the situation, for he was he was very very sad and worried to hear that his beloved nephew had been killed. Hajjaaj informed him of the truth but requested him to conceal the truth for three days. ‘Abbas conceded and promised to do so. When Hajjaaj told ‘Abbas the truth he was overjoyed to hear that the Muslims had won and the Jews had actually been defeated! He returned home and informed his wife Umm al-Fadhl about the truth of the matter and requested her to keep this news confidential. Her husband 'Abbas trusted her because she was a woman of her word and a woman who was known to have the ability to keep secrets. After three days ‘Abbas came out in public wearing his best attire, emanating of perfume, which his wife had applied on him.

He went out into the courtyard of the Ka’bah where the Quraysh leaders and public usually gathered. When they saw him dressed in this fashion, exuding perfume and shining with happiness, they began to mock him. They said, “Is that how one should show patience over a calamity, O Abul-Fadhl?!” They were referring to the supposed defeat the Muslims had suffered at Khaybar. Their mocking did not upset 'Abbas; he simply informed them of the truth and how Hajjaaj had fooled them all so as to retrieve his money and the debts which people owed him.

‘Abbas then added,
And Muhammad, my nephew, is now the husband of the daughter of the Jewish king, Huyay ibn Akhtab!’
The news came as a strong chilling wind towards them! They stood in utter shock and disbelief, feeling that they were now soon to be handicapped from the power and authority they once so injustly enjoyed. How true their feelings were.

Umm al-Fadhl remained in Makkah with her husband ‘Abbas until after the treaty of Hudaibiyah. When Rasulullah came to Makkah with his Companions to perform the ‘Umrah of Qadhaa’ (of expiation, because they had been previously prevented from performing 'Umrah) they stayed in Makkah for three days. He then proposed marriage to Maimunah bint Al Harith RA, Umm al-Fadhl’s sister, a widow whose husband had died as a polytheist. Before Maimunah's marriage to Rasulullah she was living in the house of her sister Umm al-Fadhl and under the protection of ‘Abbas.

After all of the pilgrims left Makkah, ‘Abbas and Umm al-Fadhl also migrated to Madinah with their entire family.

In Madinah Umm al-Fadhl was a frequent visitor to the Prophet’s house. She would either come to visit her sister Maimunah or in order to visit the other wives of Rasulullah
. Her character was such that all of them enjoyed her company and acknowledged her excellence.

One night, Umm al-Fadhl had a dream; surprised and confused, she went to Rasulullah
seeking the interpretation of her dream. Umm al-Fadhl explained to Rasulullah ,
Messenger of Allah, I saw in my dream that a part of your body was in my house!”
Rasulullah then interpreted, “Fatimah (my daughter) will give birth to a boy who you will nurse with the milk of Quthm (meaning her son)."
This famous Prophetic Narration shows us how Allah Almighty had blessed Rasulullah with special knowledge. Indeed, before Fatimah had even given birth, by the will of Allah, Rasulullah prophesied that it would be a boy. This was in fact just one of the manifestations of revelations and prophesies which Allah had endowed his trustworthy Messenger and the seal of His Prophets, blessing and peace be upon him, with.Fatimah gave birth to Husin and Umm al-Fadl nursed him along with her son Quthm. When Husin RA was only a few months old, Umm al-Fadhl brought him to his grandfather. Rasulullah then sat him down on his lap; the boy urinated on Rasulullah , for which Umm al-Fadhl smacked him between his shoulders. Rasulullah rebuked her for this, “You have hurt my son! May Allah have mercy on you!” In this way Umm al-Fadhl visited the household of Rasulullah just as a family member does. She was a woman who looked out for the Prophet’s household and played an important role in running, looking after and maintaining it.

She also possessed deep insight about the Deen. There are authentic narrations which clearly indicate her understanding and comprehension of the religion of Allah. For example, she performed the farewell pilgrimage with Rasulullah
in the company of her husband 'Abbas and her children. SubhaanAllah! How lucky she was and what an honorable company to have in such an honorable place!  What made this honor even greater is the fact that this was on the blessed day of ‘Arafah. But on this day people where debating over a matter which they were unsure of. They were asking one another: “Is Rasulullah fasting or not?”

Umm al-Fadhl performed an outstanding act to dispel this rum our when she took a vessel of milk and brought it to Rasulullah . The Prophet took it from her and drank all of it in full view of the people. The people then realized that he was not fasting and so those of the Companions who were fasting broke their fasts.

There is no doubt that Umm al-Fadhl had indeed previously heard from Rasulullah
that it isn't permissible for the pilgrim to fast on the day of ‘Arafah. With her intelligence and wisdom she was able to clarify the confusion surrounding this issue without having to speak unnecessarily before the men.
Not only is Umm al-Fadhl (may Allah be pleased with her) remembered for her great feats but also for the fact that she was the mother of the great Companion, ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas, the learned of the Ummah, the interpreter of the Quran and the scholar among the companions.
May Allah be pleased with her and please her! Amin.