Saturday

Abu Mihjan Al Tsaqafi RA

Abu Mihjan Ats-Tsaqafi RA RA.The Story of Courage from the Battle of Qadisiyyah.

 
Abu Mihjan RA belonged to the Tsaqafi clan. He was a cousin of Abu Ubaid RA who had commanded the Muslim forces in Iraq and was martyred at the battle of the Bridge.
The home town of Abu Mihjan RA was Taif. When the Muslims under Rasulullah besieged Taif after the fall of Makkah, Abu Mihjan RA fought against the Muslims. His arrow mortally wounded Abdullah son of Saidina Abu Bakr As Siddiq RA.
Later when the Tsaqafi submitted to Rasulullah and accepted Islam, Abu Mihjan RA also became a Muslim. He was staunch in his faith in Islam, but he had weakness for liquor, and sometimes secretly drank wine. 




 
At the battle of the Bridge, Abu Mihjan was the commander of the cavalry. He drove back the elephant which had crushed Abu Ubaid to death. After the disaster of the battle of the bridge, Abu Mihjan stayed on with Muthanna at Ulleis for some time. Then he returned to Madina.
At Madina, Khalifah SaidinaUmar Ibn Al Khatab RA caught Abu Mihjan RA drinking and as a punishment he was exiled to Yemen. Later he was forgiven and was allowed to join the Muslim forces in Iraq under Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqass RA. In camp, Abu Mihjan RA drank again, and on discovering his offense Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas RA had him whipped and thrown into a cellar in fetters. His cell was in the palace at Al Udzaib in Qadisiyyah where Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas RA was lodged and from where he commanded the war operations.

This war occurred during the time of Khalifah 'Umar bin Al-Khathab RA with the commander he sent to land 'Iraq at that time was Saidina Saad bin Malik Abi Waqqas RA . Many stories of companions in the war, a story full of blood and tears, and during the battle of Qadisiyyah the commander Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas RA who was exposed to a kind of boil-like boil that infected him all over his body that made him unable to go down to the battlefield and he decided to command from Al -'Udzaib, a place which is a spring near the Qadisiyyah, where he built a base to monitor the forces of the Muslims.

The Battle of Qadasiyyah, the war that became one of the unbreakable spears of Islam that finally settled on the Persian land, thanks to the tireless jihad of the Arab lions - with the permission of Allah The Almighty which succeeded in conquering the infamous kingdom of the famous Persian might and very difficult to conquer even by the Romans Empire. King Yazdagird escaped, some of the Persian warlords like Rustum and Jalinus were killed in the hands of the Muslim forces and Yazdagird's daughters to be prisoners of the Muslims. One of his daughters was liberated and married by the grandson of the Rasulullah ﷺ , Saidina Husain bin' Ali RA.

 
One of the most memorable stories of the war, is the story of Abu Mihjan Ats-Tsaqafiy RA. A story that marks the courage of a friend who is not afraid of breaking the ranks of the enemy in order to fulfill the call of jihad from Allah Ta'ala

Abu Mihjan Ats-Tsaqafiy RA

His name is disputed, Al-Haafizh rahimahullah in Al-Ishaabah saying his name is 'Amr bin Habiib bin' Amr bin 'Umair bin' Auf bin 'Uqdah bin Tsaqiif, his name is his kunyyah while his other kunyyah is Abu' Ubaid, is Malik, and is said to be the 'Abdullaah, but he is best known for his kunyita, Abu Mihjan. Al-Imam Abu Ahmad Al-Haakim rahimahullah said that he is a companion.

Abu Mihjan RA is a poet and likes to drink khamr, this is what makes him repeatedly punished, and his favorite is what troubles his companions when they are gathering strength in the face of the Qadisiyyah war. However, his blood is always turbulent when it is needed to defend this noble Allah's religion. Narrated that Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas RA as the commander of Qadisiyyah met Abu Mihjan RA in the middle of being drunk, then Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas RA ordered to tie him. At the end of the story, Abu Mihjan RA eventually repented not to drink khamr forever

The full story is recorded by Al-Imam Abu Bakr ibn Abi Syaibah rahimahullah in his Mushannaf, with sanad and narrators:

Narrated Abu Hurayrah, from 'Amr bin Muhaajir, from Ibraahiim bin Muhammad bin Sa'd, from his father, he said:

"One day Saidina Saad bin Abi Waqqas RA was approached by Abu Mihjan on the day of the war of Qadisiyyah while Abu Mihjan was drunk for drinking khamr. So Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqass RA ordered his subordinates to bind Abu Mihjan RA. "Muhammad bin Sa'd continued," At that time Saidina Saad's body had a rashes (because it was ill) and he did not come out with the army on that day. So Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqass RA subordinates raised him to Al-'Udzaib to monitor the forces of the Muslims, Saidina Saad ibn Abi Waqass RA also assigned Khalid bin 'Urfuthah RA to lead the troop.
From his cellar, Abu Mihjan Ra saw the battle waging in great fury. Abu Mihjan RA was a born soldier, and when the other Muslims were locked up in life and death struggle, he pined to be free to wield the sword against the enemy. He approached Saad Ibn Abi Waqas RA, and asked for permission to fight. Saad's rebuked him and ordered him back to his cellar. 

 
When the forces of the Muslims confronted the enemy, Abu Mihjan RA also wrote:

Suffice it because of the fall of the horse by the spear

While I was releasing myself which was bound strongly by the shackles.
Returning to his cellar, Abu Mihjan met Salma the new wife of Saad. He wanted her to help him, but Salma was not inclined to interfere.
Back in his cellar, Abu Mihjan burst into pathetic verses:
"It is sufficient sorrow when you see a cavalier,
Deprived, abandoned and bound in shackles,
While I stand these fetters detain me,
While others are fighting.
I was once a man with wealth and kinsmen,
But I am now left entirely alone.
By Allah, I give the pledge,
If freed, I will never drink again."
Salma heard the song and was moved. She wanted to know what she could do for him.

Abu Mihjan said to Salma Bintu Khashafah RA, Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqass RA wife
“Release this shackle and I promise you, if Allah saves me in this war, I will come back here until I put these two legs into bonds. But if I'm killed, then you will be free from me. Saidina Saad's wife then released Abu Mihjan RA just in the middle of the ragging battle and both troops met.

Without thinking, Abu Mihjan RA immediately jumped on a horse of Saad's named Al-Balqaa 'and grabbed a nearby spear, then he went out to the battlefield, so it was not Abu Mihjan RA attacking from the direction of the enemy unless he would destroy the ranks them. The Muslims who saw Abu Mihjan on the horse said, "The man is like an angel!"

Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqass RA finally saw the brave figure dividing the wing of the enemy forces, he was amazed and wondered, "The leap of the war is like Al-Balqaa leap, and the rider's tires are similar to Abu Mihjan! but not Abu Mihjan! He's being bound "

When Abu Mihjan RA finished destroying the ranks of the enemy, he returned to the custody and then put his legs back into the bound. Seeing this, Salma Bintu Khashafah RA immediately told Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqass RA about the matter of Abu Mihjan (who fulfilled his promise to return to detention). Saidina Saad said, "By Allah, as from today I will not whack a man whom Allah has tested the Muslims on his hands on all things which have caused them trouble," and Saidina Saad Ibn Abi Waqass RA liberated Abu Mihjan RA.

Al-Mihjan RA pledged, "Really, I've been drinking the khamr which, because of my custom, this is the punishment for me, then I'm cleaning myself up from it. And now Saidina Saad Ibn Waqass RA approve of me (free from punishment), then by Allah, I will not drink khamr again forever! "

[Al-Mushannaf 11/520, no. 34309]

Takhrij and Degrees Story

The narrators of Ibn Abi Syaibah are the people of tsiqah.

Abu Mu'aawiyah is Muhammad bin Khaazim Adh-Dhariir Al-Kuufiy. Reciter Ash-Shahiihain. Al-Haafizh in At-Taqriib no. 5841 says, "Tsiqah, the most haphazarded hadith of Al-A'masy, sometimes experiences waham on the hadith otherwise. The accused understood the word '. "

'Amr bin Muhaajir bin Abu Muslim Al-Anshaariy, Abu' Ubaidah Ad-Dimasyqiy. One who is tsiqah. See At-Taqriib no. 5120.

Ibraahiim bin Muhammad bin Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaash Al-Madaniy, tsumma Al-Kuufiy. Al-Haafizh in At-Taqriib no. 233 says, "Tsiqah, Ibn Hibbaan said: did not hear from his companions."

His father, Muhammad bin Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaash Az-Zuhriy, Abul Qaasim Al-Madaniy. Tsiqah, was killed by Al-Hajjaaj bin Yuusuf after 80 AH. See At-Taqriib no. 5904. Ibn Sa'd in his Thabaqat mentions that he has hadiths which are small.

So sanad Ibn Abi Syaibah was zhahirnya hasan to Muhammad bin Sa'd but he did not declare tahdits (haddatsanaa or akhbaranaa) from his father Sa'd or from the witnesses of the war of Qaadisiyyah, but he ma'ruf narrated from Sa'd and he did not known as a historian who often disperses history, so it is possible that he hears this story from his own father. However, Muhammad bin Sa'd was not a witness of the Qaadisiyyah war so he had to express the tahdits of his father or of the war witnesses. Wallaahu a'lam.



Also narrated by Al-Imam Sa'iid bin Manshuur rahimahullah in his Sunan no. 2502 with a chain like Ibn Abi Shaykh.

Narrated by Al-Imam 'Abdurrazzaaq Ash-Shan'aaniy rahimahullah in Al-Mushannaf no. 17077, with sanad:

عن معمر, عن أيوب, عن ابن سيرين, قال: "كان أبو محجن لا يزال يجلد في الخمر ... إلخ

From Ma'mar, from Ayyubub, from Ibn Siiriin, he said, "Abu Mihjan used to be subjected to punishment for the abusive practice of drinking khamr ... and so on"

Al-Haafizh in Al-Ishaabah 7/300 said:

وأخرج عبد الرزاق بسند صحيح عن بن سيرين

"Issued by 'Abdirrazzaaq with the true sanad of Ibn Siiriin."

The appearance of the word Al-Haafizh is the sanadnya shahih to Ibn Siiriin rahimahullah and it is munqathi 'because Ibn Siiriin did not find the battle of Qaadisiyyah, nor found Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaash.

Narrated by Al-Imam Abu Bakr Ad-Diinawariy in Al-Mujaalasah no. 1014:

حدثنا عبد الله بن مسلم بن قتيبة, نا إسماعيل بن محمد, عن الأصمعي, عن ابن عون, عن عمير بن إسحاق; قال: كان سعد بن أبي وقاص رحمه الله "يوم القادسية على ظهر بيت وهو شاك من خراج ... إلخ

Al-Ashma'iy, from Ibn 'Aun, from' Umair bin Ishaaq, said: "In the days of Qaadisiyyah war, Sa 'd bin Abi Waqqaash rahimahullah was behind his tent, he was ill abscess ... and so on. "

'Umair bin Ishaaq, Abu Muhammad Al-Qurasyiy. Maulaa the Haasim, Abu Haatim and An-Nasaa'iy mentions that nothing is narrated except Ibn'Aun. Ibn Ma'iin in a narrative says "his hadith does not equal the traditions of the narrators, but he is written", in another narration he said "tsiqah", An-Nasaa'iy said "there is nothing wrong with him", Ibn Hibbaan mentions it in Ats-Tsiqaat. See his biography in Tahdziibul Kamaal no. 4512 and Miizaanul I'tidaal 5/355.

And there is disconnection in this sanad because 'Umair is unknown to have narration from Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaash or from the witnesses of the war of Qaadisiyyah.

Narrated by Al-Imam Ibnu Qudaamah rahimahullah in At-Tawwaabiin أبو طاهر محمد بن عبد الرحمن المخلص أنا أبو بكر أحمد بن عبد الله بن سيف أنا أبو عبيدة السري بن يحيى أنا شعيب بن إبراهيم قال: أنبأ سيف بن عمر التميمي عن محمد وطلحة وابن مخراق وزياد قالوا: لما اشتد القتال بالسواد - يعني في القادسية - وكان أبو محجن قد حبس وقيد فهو في القصر فأتى سلمى بنت حفصة امرأة سعد فقال: يا بنت آل حفصة! هل لك إلى خير? ... إلخ

:
It has been narrated to us an expert of knowledge and literary writers, Abul 'Izz Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Mawaahib bin Al-Khurasaaniy, he said, has told us Abu Ghaalib Muhammad bin' Abdil Waahid Al-Qazzaaz, has told us Abul Hasan ' Aliy bin 'Umar Al-Barmakiy and Abul Husain bin An-Naqquur, both of whom have reported to us Abu Thaahir Muhammad bin' Abdirrahman Al-Mukhlash, has reported to us Abu Bakr Ahmad bin 'Abdillaah bin Saif, 'Ubaidah As-Sariy bin Yahyaa, has reported to us Syu'aib bin Ibraahiim, he said, has told Saif bin' Umar At-Tamiimiy, from Muhammad, Thalhah, Ibn Mikhraaq and Ziyaad, they say:

"When warfare involving a large number of Muslims was fierce - in the battle of Al-Qaadisiyyah- Abu Mihjan was being held and tied up in a fortress. Salmaa bint Hafshah -istri Sa'd bin Abi Waqqaash- and Abu Mihjan said to him, "O daughter of Hafsah's family! Is there any kindness to you? ... (and so on). "

It is very weak because of Saif bin 'Umar At-Tamiimiy, he agreed on his weakness and many ulama wa ta'dil who claim that he is a liar. See his biography in Tahdziibul Kamaal no. 2676.

Al-Khulaashah

What appeared to us, the chain of narrative about the story of Abu Mihjan is a sanad-sanad that ends only on tabi'in or people after them, and the most powerful sanad is the true sanad of Abdurrazzaaq to Muhammad bin Siiriin, as the word Al-Haafizh has passed.

Shaykh Masyhuur bin Hasan aalu Salmaan hafizhahullah in his tahqiq against the book Al-Mujaalasah 3/382, mentions that there are some nakarah (things that are denied) seen in this story, some of which we will briefly mention:

1. The Sa'd Decision which excludes the abolition of Abu Mihjan although at other times he returns to the habit of drinking khamr. Such a decision is not the decision of the Shari'ah-justified ruler even though Abu Mihjan has been rewarded in the war of Qaadisiyyah, it still can not be free from the binding laws of binding 'if it returns to its old habits.

2. Punishment for khamr drinkers is not confined or detained in prison, but is whipped or abused as it has been such an ordinance in the hadiths of the Prophet of Allah Shallallaahu 'alaihi wasallam, as narrated by Al-Imam At-Tirmidziy rahimahullah following, from Anas bin Maalik radhiyallaahu 'anhu:
عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: "أنه أتي برجل قد شرب الخمر, فضربه بجريدتين نحو الأربعين

"From the Rasulullah that he was approached by a man who had been drinking khamr, then he chased him with two palm fronds of 40 times." [Jaami' At-Tirmidziy no. 1443]

The idea of this story is the reason for the abandonment of Abu Mihjan RA. One narrations suggest that Abu Mihjan RA disobeyed Saad Ibn Waqqas RA when he was separated from Khaalid bin 'Urfuthah RA, another narrations mention that Abu Jahraa' influenced Khalifah Umar Ibn Al Khatab RA to confine Abu Mihjan RA when he escaped from Saidina Umar Ibn Al Khatab RA (because SaidinaUmar Ibn Al Khatab RA would punish him) 'Saidina Umar Ibn Al Khatab RA wrote to Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas RA to retain Abu Mihjan RA, another narrating mention that' Saidina Umar Ibn Al Khatab RA confiscated Abu Mihjan RA because he compiled the poems of the poem about khamr, another narrations mention that Abu Mihjan RA put a heart to a woman-a wife of a the Anshar men, the woman's name is Syu'aib - then she compiled a poem for the woman so her husband did not like her and she reported it to Saidina Umar Ibn Al Khatab RA to get rid of Abu Mihjan; allegedly because it is because Abu Jahraa 'influenced' Saidina Umar Ibn Al Khatab RA to confine Abu Mihjan, the last mentioning that Saad Ibn Abi Waqqas did not confine Abu Mihjan but ordered him to leave.



These are some of the narrations of the story of Abu Mihjan, though it is a famous story and has been quoted in the books of adab and dates such as Taariikh Ath-Thabariy 3/575; Al-Bidaayah wa An-Nihaayah 7/45; Futuuh Al-Buldaan 2/316; Thabaqaat Asy-Syu'araa 'p. 268, and others. We also do not want this story but only the story of Abu Mihjan's courage to be an example and he always favors the defense of Allah's religion under any circumstances what is right for us today, especially when religious dignitaries are boldly blatant against Allah and His Messenger.

Wallaahu a'lam.

 
Credits to: Ash-Shaykh Abu 'Ubaidah Masyhuur bin Hasan aalu Salmaan on his ta'liiq in the book Al-Mujaalasatu wa Jawaahir Al-'Ilm by Al-Imam Abu Bakr Ad-Diinawariy Al-Maalikiy, Daar Ibn Hazm.

 

Wednesday

Lubabah Bint Al Harith RA

Lubabah bint al-Harith RA(Arabic: لبابة بنت الحارث) (c.593–655), also known as Umm Fadl, was a prominent early Muslim. Two of her sisters, Maimunah bint al-Harith RA and Zaynab bint Khuzayma RA, became wives of Rasulullah .
Lubabah bint al-Harith RA was a member of the Hilal tribe, a branch of the Banu 'Amir who were prominent in . (Makkah tribe was distinct from the Quraysh.)


Her father was Al-Harith ibn Hazan ibn Jubayr ibn Al-Hazm ibn Rubiya ibn Abdullah ibn Hilal ibn Amer ibn Saasaa Al-Hilali and her mother was Hind bint Awf ibn Zuhayr ibn Al-Harith. Lubabah bint al-Harith RA had two brothers and a sister from this marriage, and her father also had three daughters by another wife, while her mother had one son by a former husband. Al-Harith died while Lubabah bint al-Harith RA was still a child, and Hind then married Khuzayma ibn Al-Harith Al-Hilali. This marriage produced one daughter but was short-lived, and Hind next married Umays ibn Ma'ad Al-Khathmi, by whom she had three further children.

Lubabah bint al-Harith RA married Saidina Abbas ibn Abd-al-Muttalib RA al-Hashimi, who was an uncle of Rasulullah . Tabari states that Lubabah bint al-Harith RA was only Abbas's concubine, but this suggestion that she was a slave is at odds with her family's middle-class status. The union produced seven children: Al-Fadl, Abdullah, Ubaydullah, Quthum, Mabad, Abdur-Rahman and Umm Habib. Abbas also had five children by other women.

Lubabah bint al-Harith RA claimed to be the second woman to convert to Islam, the same day as her close friend Saidatuna Khadijah RA. She and her sisters were very prominent in the early Muslim community. Rasulullah commented on their family effort: "The faithful sisters are Asma RA and Salma RA, daughters of Umays, and Lubabah bint al-Harith RA and Maymunah bint Al Harith RA, daughters of Al-Harith." It is interesting that his observation did not encompass their half-sister, Zaynab bint Khuzayma RA, who was later to become his own wife.

Saidina Abbas ibn Abd-al-Muttalib RA was still a pagan in 622, so he and Lubabah bint al-Harith RA remained in Makkah when other Muslims emigrated to Madinah.


Lubabah bint al-Harith RA against Abu Lahab.

When the news of the Makkan defeated at the Battle of Badr arrived in Makkah in 624, there was general consternation; but Abbas's Muslim freedman, Abu Rafi RA, could not contain his joy. Abbas's brother Abu Lahab was so furious that he assaulted Abu Rafi RA, knocking him to the ground and then kneeling on top of him to continue beating him. Several able-bodied men witnessed or were in calling distance of this attack, but it was Lubabah bint al-Harith RA who grabbed a tent-pole and cracked it across Abu Lahab’s head, asking, “Do you think it’s all right to attack him because Abbas is absent?” Abu Lahab's head was split open, exposing his skull; When he died a week later, it was said to be of an infection, ulcer, or the plague.

Attention from Ka'b ibn al-Ashraf (the Jew)

A few months later, Lubabah bint al-Harith RA was the subject of a love-song by the Jewish poet Ka'b ibn al-Ashraf.
Are you off without stopping in the valley
and leaving Umm Fadl in Mecca?
Out would come what she bought from the pedlar,
her bottles, henna and hair-dye.
What lies between elbow and ankle is in motion
when she tries to stand up and does not.
Like Umm Hakim when she was with us,
the bond between us strong and unbreakable.
She is the one Amirite who bewitches my heart,
and if she wished, she could cure my sickness.
The glory of women and of a people is their father,
a people held in honour, true to their oath.
Never did I see the sun rise at night till I saw her
display herself to us in the darkness of the night!
The song is almost certainly sarcastic, as the Amir tribe were Ka'b's traditional enemies and, in his perception, the reverse of "honourable" or "trustworthy". The reference to pedlar's products in the third and fourth lines, and to wobbling flesh in the fifth and sixth, presumably indicates that Lubabah bint al-Harith RA was plump, painted and middle-aged (although she was probably under thirty). Muslim outrage over this song was one factor that led Rasulullah to call for Ka'b's assassination

Yet another version of Saidatuna Lubabah bint al-Harith RA

Her full name was Lubaabah bint al-Haarith al-Hilaaliyyah RA. She was the wife of 'Abbas ibn 'Abdul-Muttalib RA, Rasulullah paternal uncle and the Mother of 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas RA the great Companion and Commentator of the Qur’an. She was also the sister of Maimunah bint Al Harith, the mother of the faithful and the wife of Rasulullah . According to Ibn Sa’d, she was also one of the first women to embrace Islam after Saidatuna Khadijah RA. Both Umm al-Fadhl and Maimunah RA had two other stepsisters, namely Asmaa' and Salamah who were the daughters of Umays. It was these four sisters that Rasulullah described as, “The believing sisters!” What a praise, and what a truly great one!


Umm al-Fadhl performed many duties and chores for the noble household of Rasulullah which behind the scenes helped and contributed greatly to the call of Islam. This was because Umm al-Fadhl was a regular visitor of Saidatuna Khadijah RA (may Allah be pleased with her) and hence often also met Rasulullah . In this way it was more easier for her to acquire knowledge of her new faith from Rasulullah .



Ibn 'Abbas's worker witnessed mistreatment towards Rasulullah by Abu Jahl. As his uncle, he became enraged and rushed to defend him even though he was not a Muslim at that time. Perhaps it was his love for tribalism that spurred him to act as he did. When this incident was taking place he had a quick decision to make: either to preserve his high status among the Quraysh or stand in support of his nephew and defend his blood-tie with him.

Amid all this, Umm al-Fadhl was expecting the decision of Allah concerning ‘Abbas’s acceptance of Islam. She eagerly wished that her beloved would see the light soon, before it was too late. She was also hoping that he would stop indulging in people’s wealth unlawfully, for he was of those who dealt in usury. In fact, he was well known for this, just as he was well known for his love of money.
Umm al-Fadhl was amazed and jubilant on the day Saidina Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) witnessed the allegiance of 'Aqabah and played an active role in it. In fact, he also acted as a guardian for his nephew Muhammad (peace be upon him)- Rasulullah . But when she saw her husband go out with the Quraysh in order to fight the Muslims in the battle of Badr, her pain and worry knew no bounds. "Why was he doing this?", "Why didn't he come out openly and proclaim his faith?", she wondered. Her worry only deepened and intensified when she saw her husband being taken as a captive after the Muslims had been helped by Allah and were victorious on that day. Yet, Rasulullah generosity was such that he released his uncle.

It was at this point in time that the light of iman (faith) began to creep into the heart of of ' ibn 'Abdul-Muttalib as the darkness of arrogance began to drift away. All praise is due to Allah alone! The Battle of Badr infact turned out to be an even greater victory because Rasulullah
dear uncle accepted Islam. What a blessed household! None remained among them who disbelieved in the message of the Final Messenger, in-fact they became his ardent supporters. Umm Fadhl had always wanted ‘Abbas to acceptance Islam and now Allah Almighty had given her her hearts desire and the greatest gift for a Muslim Wife.

Umm al-Fadhl was so generous that she made her home a place of refuge for the weak and poor who could not afford to migrate and join the Muslims. This was because she knew that these needy Muslims were still at war with the enemies of Allah and that even though they had been denied the opportunity of confronting the enemy physically, they were fighting a war of perseverance in Makkah against the hostile Quraysh.

Among the greatest days of joy for Umm al-Fadhl and ‘Abbas was when they heard of the victory of Khaibar. This was because on that day Allah gave victory to His Messenger - Rasulullah over the Jews and the Muslims rightfully won Khaibar's booties and treasures. But it happened to be so that Umm al-Fadhl and 'Abbas did not find out about Khaibar's conquest until later on.  

 
This is how the incident unfolded:

Hajjaaj ibn ‘Allat as-Sullami sought Rasulullah
ﷺ’s permission to go to Makkah and recover his money and debts which were owed to him. Rasulullah permitted him to go and also permitted him to say whatever he needed to as a strategic method by which Hajjaaj could retrieve his wealth from the Quraysh. Hajjaaj went to Makkah and began to spread the news that the Jews had killed Rasulullah and that the Muslims had been defeated. He also told them that Muslims had been killed in great numbers and their women had been taken as captives by the Jews and the Quraysh actually believed him! In this way he retrieved all of his wealth and debts owed to him and he headed back to Rasulullah in Madinah.

Abbas ibn ‘Abdul-Muttalib, who was present in Makkah at that time, approached Hajjaaj and asked him about the reality of the situation, for he was he was very very sad and worried to hear that his beloved nephew had been killed. Hajjaaj informed him of the truth but requested him to conceal the truth for three days. ‘Abbas conceded and promised to do so. When Hajjaaj told ‘Abbas the truth he was overjoyed to hear that the Muslims had won and the Jews had actually been defeated! He returned home and informed his wife Umm al-Fadhl about the truth of the matter and requested her to keep this news confidential. Her husband 'Abbas trusted her because she was a woman of her word and a woman who was known to have the ability to keep secrets. After three days ‘Abbas came out in public wearing his best attire, emanating of perfume, which his wife had applied on him.

He went out into the courtyard of the Ka’bah where the Quraysh leaders and public usually gathered. When they saw him dressed in this fashion, exuding perfume and shining with happiness, they began to mock him. They said, “Is that how one should show patience over a calamity, O Abul-Fadhl?!” They were referring to the supposed defeat the Muslims had suffered at Khaybar. Their mocking did not upset 'Abbas; he simply informed them of the truth and how Hajjaaj had fooled them all so as to retrieve his money and the debts which people owed him.

‘Abbas then added,
And Muhammad, my nephew, is now the husband of the daughter of the Jewish king, Huyay ibn Akhtab!’
The news came as a strong chilling wind towards them! They stood in utter shock and disbelief, feeling that they were now soon to be handicapped from the power and authority they once so injustly enjoyed. How true their feelings were.

Umm al-Fadhl remained in Makkah with her husband ‘Abbas until after the treaty of Hudaibiyah. When Rasulullah came to Makkah with his Companions to perform the ‘Umrah of Qadhaa’ (of expiation, because they had been previously prevented from performing 'Umrah) they stayed in Makkah for three days. He then proposed marriage to Maimunah bint Al Harith RA, Umm al-Fadhl’s sister, a widow whose husband had died as a polytheist. Before Maimunah's marriage to Rasulullah she was living in the house of her sister Umm al-Fadhl and under the protection of ‘Abbas.

After all of the pilgrims left Makkah, ‘Abbas and Umm al-Fadhl also migrated to Madinah with their entire family.

In Madinah Umm al-Fadhl was a frequent visitor to the Prophet’s house. She would either come to visit her sister Maimunah or in order to visit the other wives of Rasulullah
. Her character was such that all of them enjoyed her company and acknowledged her excellence.

One night, Umm al-Fadhl had a dream; surprised and confused, she went to Rasulullah
seeking the interpretation of her dream. Umm al-Fadhl explained to Rasulullah ,
Messenger of Allah, I saw in my dream that a part of your body was in my house!”
Rasulullah then interpreted, “Fatimah (my daughter) will give birth to a boy who you will nurse with the milk of Quthm (meaning her son)."
This famous Prophetic Narration shows us how Allah Almighty had blessed Rasulullah with special knowledge. Indeed, before Fatimah had even given birth, by the will of Allah, Rasulullah prophesied that it would be a boy. This was in fact just one of the manifestations of revelations and prophesies which Allah had endowed his trustworthy Messenger and the seal of His Prophets, blessing and peace be upon him, with.Fatimah gave birth to Husin and Umm al-Fadl nursed him along with her son Quthm. When Husin RA was only a few months old, Umm al-Fadhl brought him to his grandfather. Rasulullah then sat him down on his lap; the boy urinated on Rasulullah , for which Umm al-Fadhl smacked him between his shoulders. Rasulullah rebuked her for this, “You have hurt my son! May Allah have mercy on you!” In this way Umm al-Fadhl visited the household of Rasulullah just as a family member does. She was a woman who looked out for the Prophet’s household and played an important role in running, looking after and maintaining it.

She also possessed deep insight about the Deen. There are authentic narrations which clearly indicate her understanding and comprehension of the religion of Allah. For example, she performed the farewell pilgrimage with Rasulullah
in the company of her husband 'Abbas and her children. SubhaanAllah! How lucky she was and what an honorable company to have in such an honorable place!  What made this honor even greater is the fact that this was on the blessed day of ‘Arafah. But on this day people where debating over a matter which they were unsure of. They were asking one another: “Is Rasulullah fasting or not?”

Umm al-Fadhl performed an outstanding act to dispel this rum our when she took a vessel of milk and brought it to Rasulullah . The Prophet took it from her and drank all of it in full view of the people. The people then realized that he was not fasting and so those of the Companions who were fasting broke their fasts.

There is no doubt that Umm al-Fadhl had indeed previously heard from Rasulullah
that it isn't permissible for the pilgrim to fast on the day of ‘Arafah. With her intelligence and wisdom she was able to clarify the confusion surrounding this issue without having to speak unnecessarily before the men.
Not only is Umm al-Fadhl (may Allah be pleased with her) remembered for her great feats but also for the fact that she was the mother of the great Companion, ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas, the learned of the Ummah, the interpreter of the Quran and the scholar among the companions.
May Allah be pleased with her and please her! Amin.

Sunday

Maimunah binti Al Harith RA


Maimunah binti Harith RA was the last woman marrying  Rasulullah in the seventh year Hijriyah. His full name Maimunah binti Al-Harith bin Hazn bin Bujair  bin Al-Huzm bin Ruwaibah bin Abdullah bin Hilal bin Amir. His mother was Hindun bint Auf bin Zuhair bin Al-Harith.

In his family, Maimunah binti Harith RA  belongs to three sisterswho embraced Islam. Ibn Abbas narrated from Rasulullah , "Al-Mu'minah are three sisters, namely Maimunah, Ummu Fadhal, and Asma '."


Maimunah binti Harith RA  was born in Makkah Al-Mukarramah, six years before the prophetic period, so he knew the times of the migrants to Medina. Maimunah binti Harith RA was heavily influenced by the migration, and was influenced by her elder sister, Ummu Fadhal, who had earlier converted to Islam. But Maimunah binti Harith RA  hides his Islamic beliefs because the  environment does not condusive.

Before marriage with Rasulullah , Maimunah binti Harith RA  married to Ibn Mas'ud bin Amru bin Ats-Tsaqafi before Islam, but later divorced. Afterwards    Maimunah binti Harith RA  married Abu Ruham bin Abdul Uzza who later died.

Submission to Rasulullah
Maimunah binti Harith RA  lived with his sister, Ummul Fadhal RA, wife of Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib RA. One time, to her sister, Maimunah binti Harith RA  expressed the intention of surrendering himself to Rasulullah ﷺ,. Ummul Fadhal conveyed the news to her husband until Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib RA conveyed the intention to Rasulullah .

Rasulullah sent someone to Abbas bin Abdul Muttalib RA  of his intention to marry Rasulullah . How happy is Maimunah binti Harith RA feelings after knowing the willingness of Rasulullah to marry her.
The following year, after the Hudaibiyah agreement, Rasulullah and the Muslims entered Makkah to perform Umrah. In accordance with the contents of the Hudaibiyah agreement, Rasulullah was allowed to stay there for three days.
But the Quraysh refused Rasulullah and the Muslims to stay there for more than three days. The opportunity was used by Rasulullah to get married with Maimunah binti Harith RA. After the wedding, Rasulullah and the Muslims left Makkah.

Maimunah binti Harith RA started entering the household life of Rasulullah and she was placed in her own room. Maimunah binti Harith RA treats her other wives with kindness and .
Priority of Maimunah binti Harith RA

About Maimunah binti Harith RA, Saidatuna Aisyah RA once said. "By Allah, Maimunah binti Al Harith RA is a good woman to us and always keep silaturrahmi between us."

Maimunah binti Harith RA is known for her zeal, her piety, and her attitude that always wants to draw closer to Allah. It is also narrated to have a vast knowledge.

Some records mention that Maimunah was a brave and patriotic woman. In fact, she does not hesitate to stubbornly fight the perpetrators of Islam.
The virtues of Maimunah binti Al-Harith RA are not limited to the power of faith, piety, wara ', zuhud, and honesty alone. Moreover, she is a female friend who has a lot of contributions in the realm of jihad fi sabilillah. Maimunah binti Harith RA helped to treat wounded Muslim troops brought water and poured it into the mouths of thirsty mujahid in battlefields. Not only that, Maimunah binti Harith RA also brought them food supplies. Some say that Maimunah binti Harith RA is the first female companion to form a gang of giver women to injured people, or those who strive for jihad.
In her jihad in the way of Allah, she was hit by the arrow of the enemy while he was carrying water for a weak Islamic soldier. If it were not for the help of Allah, almost the arrow killed her.

  
The death of Maimunah binti Harith RA

During the reign of the Caliph Muawiyah bin Abu Sufyan RA, coinciding with the return journey from the pilgrimage-somewhere near Saraf- Maimunah binti Harith RA felt the time had come. At that time she was 80 years old, coinciding with the 61st year Hijriyah. She was buried in the place as her will.
Maimunah binti Harith RA narrates about 76 hadiths from Rasulullah . Some hadiths have been narrated in the hadith of Bukhari-Muslim about 13 hadiths; 7 hadiths were mutually agreed upon by the two imams (muttafaq 'alaih), one other hadith was written by Bukhari, and 5 other hadiths were written by Muslims.

Maimunah RA - The most pious among them all.
Azid bin Asam RA  says: "She was seen either engaged in Solah or in household work. When she was doing neither, she was busy making Miswaak." She was the last woman married by Rasulullah .


Source
- Maimunah binti Harits: Patriotic Women and Total Jihad Unlimited
- Leading Women: Maimunah binti Harits, The Last Wife of the Prophet
- Maimunah Binti Al-Harits (Srikandi Islam)
- Maimunah Binti Al-Harits


Monday

Uqbah Bin Nafi RA

“O Allah be Thou witness, that I have taken Thy Message up to the end of the land and if this ocean were not in my way I would have proceeded to fight the pagans until none would be worshipped except Thee.”Uqbah (“Akbah” bin Nafi - 622-683) on his conquest to the westernmost.

Uqbah RA leading his army in conquest of Western Sahara.
 The breeze of the southern sea greeted with comforting feel on his cheek. His gaze was staring far into the ocean across the invisible. His hand grasped the sword blade. But his spell that had gone far, defeating the falsehoods was not able to cast a bit of joy in his heart. Her heart is restless and glum.

His eyes were up to the sky. "O Allah, if not for the ocean that prevents me, I will prepare my arm forces to spread the great sentence of your “Syahadah”, I will advance in order to uphold the Syari'at of Islam in the western kingdom. I will unite all the empires under this noble banner I will fight against the defamatory falsehoods to receive the holy message of You O Allah. "

Saiyidina Uqbah Ibn Nafi RA 'stared back at his army. Then he got up from his moody service, re-set his steps towards his army. His heart ticked, "If the vast ocean cannot weaken me, there is still a world that has not yet received the beauty of this noble teaching. Come on! We continue our struggle. "
Starting from the coast of Tangier in the Atlantic Ocean, Uqbah Ibn Nafi 'and his troops are on their way to the south. Armed with the mandate of the Caliph Muawiyah, they have mastered all of North Africa from Qairawan in Tunisia, to Fezzan and eventually to the city of Elzab and Tahret.


Qairawan Mosque 3 Gates - 1880.
 The evolving nature of the soul of Saiyidina Uqbah Ibn Nafi RA 'can be seen clearly in which he never quotes in a moment of tiredness and contentment as he sees the success of his troops dominating the northern cities of Africa, but he feels more sad that he cannot afford to cross the ocean to enforce the word Allah. Armed with the Quranic verses like Surah Fatihah in Verse 2;


"Praise be to Allah, Lord the worlds", he was unafraid in his heart to think that there was still a group of people who did not glorify Allah. His soul burns to make sure his life will release the bonds of humanity in this world towards Ilah other than Allah. Is the spirit of jihad flourish in our souls? The souls of the da’ie should be fresh flowers with a sense of uplifting Islam throughout the world. Seeing ignorance, let alone the disobedience will manifest feelings of discontent and anger for us to eliminate any form of contravention. Sadly the situations now are that the average youth out there is less sensitive. Indirectly flashed the sense of spreading Islam but there is not a sense of pride in Islam.

However, the burning spirit needs to be well-formed. It is useless if the spirit comes from its origin but eventually goes out with only water-splashes. Mihnah-mihnah who makes these streets often causes us to stray and more sadly lead us ashtray far from our goal. Therefore, it is important for us to go through tarbiyah processes that will help us organize the best possible steps.
Saiyidina Uqbah Ibn Nafi RA 'is not only known as a war commander or general who is able to force his troops to rally the ranks of the enemy, but he is also known as fair amateurs capable of governing a kingdom. The city of Qairawan was founded and became the center of Islamic governance in North Africa.

The outer wall of Qairawan.
The purpose of Saiyidina Uqbah Ibn Nafi RA is to make Qairawan the center of Islam in North Africa, among them to develop Islamic teachings in the region. It is useless if many conquests are done but there is no follow-up to show the beauty of Islam to the locals. Tarbiyah should be implemented and emphasized that new converts to Islam fully understand and can feel the true beauty of Islam. In addition, the establishment of the city will also facilitate Islamic soldiers dating from Damascus to teach Muslims to the locals and within.

The interesting lesson here is Saiyidina Uqbah Ibn Nafi RA 'fully implement the Sunnah of Rasulullah in spreading his teachings. Rasulullah was earnest in spreading the teachings of Islam in which he not only focuses on certain people, but he is equally entertained and not tired of expelling people back to his nature to put their creators on. Even to the disbelievers, he treats their feelings even when he is scorned. (Rasulullah story with a blind Jew, where he will daily feed the Jews. The Jews scorned and insulted him without him knowing that feeding the food to him was the Messenger of Allah). Until his death, where Saidina Abu Bakar Sidiq RA took over the task. However, the Jews can feel the disparity in which the  first ones are not as soft as the second  people who feed him. When asked Saidina Abu Bakr Sidiq RA   who shed tears and uncovers the secrets since the first time that the person was none other than Rasulullah himself. Then the Jew cried and declared his Islam. Just as Saidina Uqbah Ibn Nafi RA, he shows "uswatun hasanah" that causes the flocks of the original inhabitants and the surrounding inhabitants of the masses of Berbers to embrace Islam.

Inside view of  Al Qairawan Mosque.
The interesting lesson here is that we do not choose who we want to preach but the important thing is we work all the time to attract people back to Islam. We do not choose or filter people instead we always think of ways and try to preach. Examples of Rasulullah have shown us that we can do so. Like the promise of Allah in Surah Muhammad, verse 7:
"O ye Believers, if ye help Allah, He will help you, and establish you."
In the town of Qairawan there are also interesting stories mentioned about him. It is narrated that he once prayed that "O Allah, let us be safe from all beasts and dangers." At that time, Qairawan was known as a place full of wild and toxic beasts like tigers and snakes. After he had prayed, locals saw many of the animals migrating elsewhere. This caused them to be drawn between the factors that caused them to embrace Islam. In addition, he also prayed to Allah to prosper Qairawan and make it one of the centers of Islam. So far, this city, Qairawan is well-known as one of the most valuable cities of Islamic heritage as well as being the leading center of Islamic spread in northern Africa.


Uqbah Bin Nafi RA – The Conqueror of North Africa.

The years 665 to 689 saw a new Arab  conquest of North Africa. This time under the able leader ship of Saidina Uqbah bin Nafi RA.
It began to protect Egypt "from flank attack by Byzantine Cyrene". So "an army of more than 40,000 Muslims advanced through the desert to Barca, took it, and marched to the neighborhood of Carthage", defeats a defending Byzantine army of 20,000 in the process.
Next came a force of 10,000 Arabs led by the Arab general Saidina Uqbah bin Nafi RA and enlarged by thousands of others. Departing from Damascus, the army marched into North Africa and took the vanguard. In 670 the city of Qairawan (roughly 150 kilometers [80 mi] south of modern Tunis) was established as a refuge and base for further operations. This would become the capital of the Islamic province of Ifriqiya, which would cover the coastal regions of today's western Libya, Tunisia, and eastern Algeria.

Top view of the main esplanade of  The Great Qairawan
Mosque
Uqbah Bin Nafi RA the fearless general "plunged into the heart of the country, traversed the wilderness in which his successors erected the splendid capitals of Fes and Morocco, and at length penetrated to the verge of the Atlantic and the great desert". In his conquest of the Maghreb (western North Africa) he besieged the coastal city of Bugia as well as Tingi or Tangier, overwhelming what had once been the traditional Roman province of Mauretania Tingitana.

But here he was stopped and partially repulsed. In their conquest against the Byzantines and the Berbers, the Arab chieftains had greatly extended their African dominions, and as early as the year 682 Saidina Uqbah Bin Nafi RA had reached the shores of the Atlantic, but he was unable to occupy Tangier, for he was forced to turn back toward the Atlas Mountains by a man who became known to history and legend as Count Julian.

 But Saidina Uqbah Bin Nafi RA did it during the second half of the first century Hijrah. If Saidina Amr ibn Al Aas RA is called the conqueror of Egypt, Saidina Uqbah Bin Nafi RA can be called the conqueror of Africa that includes present-day Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and Morocco up to the Atlantic shores.

Qairawan Mosque - World Heritage
Recognition.
Uqba bin Nafe was born in Makkah one year before the Hijrah of Rasulullah . His father Nafe bin Qais Al Fahri of Quraish had already embraced Islam. Thus Saidina Uqbah bin Nafi RA was brought up in a Muslim environment. He was closely related to Amr ibn Al Aas through his mother’s side. He accompanied his father Nafi during the campaign of Amr ibn Al Aas RA in Egypt. After the conquest of Egypt, Amr sent him to conquer the West.
In 50 Hijrah, Saidina Uqbah bin Nafi RA, as the commander of the Muslim forces, crossed the Egyptian deserts and set up military posts at regular intervals along his route, in a territory now known as Tunisia. He established the city called Qairawan, about 160 kilometers south of present-day Tunis. He used it as an advance post for future operations.
Saidina Uqbah bin Nafi RA marched hundreds of miles without any major confrontation. After crossing the territory now named as Tunisia, Libya, Algeria and Morocco, he triumphantly reached up to the shores of the Atlantic Ocean.

When Saidina Uqbah bin Nafi RA reached the region, he selected a strategic site for his future camp city.

As the first step Uqba laid the foundation of a grand mosque, which became a center for scholars and the first Muslim institute on the continent. The mosque is known as the Mosque of Uqba in Qairawan or the grand mosque of Qairawan.

The Well of Uqbah bin Nafi RA
Saidina Uqbah bin Nafi RA was deposed by Muawiyah Caliphate in 55 AH. He gladly accepted the order and passed the command to Abu Mahajer Dinar, who later reached victoriously up to Tanja whose Berber ruler, Kusaila accepted Islam. Saidina Uqbah bin Nafi RA was again designated as commander of Maghrib in 62 AH. He marched westward and reached up to Tahert where a large Roman army confronted them. Muslims were small in number and away from their supply base. But Saidina Uqbah bin Nafi RA gave a great inspiring speech to his fighters which energized them and they fought furiously defeating the rival force. Later Saidina Uqbah bin Nafi RA marched triumphantly up to Sous and then to the sea coast. He galloped his horse into Atlantic Ocean and, according to another source, said the words which are recorded on the forehead of Islamic history that “O Lord be Thou witness, that I have taken Thy Message up to the end of the land and if this ocean were not in my way I would have proceeded to fight the pagans until none would be worshipped except Thee.”


After this grand victory Saidina Uqbah bin Nafi RA returned toward his base in Qairawan. When he reached Tanja, he dispersed his force and kept a small contingent of about 300 fighters with him. The enemy found an opportunity. Berber chief Kusaila who had embraced Islam turned away and joined the Romans with his force. Thus a large enemy force attacked small Muslim contingent. Saidina Uqbah bin Nafi RA told Abu Mahajer Dinar to proceed to Qairawan and take the command. Saidina Uqbah bin Nafi RA said: “I desire a martyrdom for me”. Abu Mahajer replied, “I also desire a martyrdom for me”.

Tomb of Saidina Uqbah bin Nafi RA.
They fought bravely and all the 300 fighters were martyred. They were buried at a place later called Sidi Uqbah in Algeria and a mosque was built at that place. Uqbah’s descendants are still found in the area stretching from Lake Chad region to Mauritania’s coast. The trans-Sahel Arab tribe of “Kounta” traces its origins to Uqba, in Algeria, Tunisia and Libya. Some of his descendants are known as Aulad Sidi Uqbah. That is how Saidina Uqbah bin Nafi RA sacrificed his life for the sake of Islam at the distant part of the world.


His heroic story was supposed to be emulated where he often sought to uphold the word of Allah. In addition, the missionary effort shown should be an example in which he is always trying to bring people back to Islam regardless of their status and dignity. Saidina Uqbah Ibn Nafi RA also often places the problem of the people as a priority where he does not return to Damascus instead of establishing the city of Qairawan to be the center of spreading Islam as well as the center of tarbiyah to the surrounding people..


Area of Conquest by Saidina Uqbah bin Nafi RA from Egypt to Morocco. 


Modern day  - City of Biskra - where The Great Qairawan Mosque located.